Staff Person Table 2011/12

Back to field list for 11025

11025: Nationality

Field Information

Number: 006
Name: Nationality
Abbreviation: NATION
Length: 2
Status: This field must be completed with a valid code for all staff.
Description: The Nationality field defines the country of legal nationality coded using the 2-digit country codes listed. This is not necessarily the domicile.
Notes: This coding frame is determined by the National Statistics Country Classification 2006 (NSCC), which is based on ISO 3166-1 Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries and their Subdivisions, and the United Nations' Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use. In a small number of cases, the NSCC usage differs from the usage in ISO 3166 on which the NSCC is based. Where that happens, the ISO 3166 usage is given in brackets after the preferred UK usage, to facilitate cross-reference to the international standard. For example for code KP the description is Korea (South). The text in brackets, [Korea, Republic of], is the ISO 3166 description. Information in braces is provided by HESA to clarify usage, and is not derived either from NSCC or ISO 3166 lists of short country names, for example Spain {includes Ceuta, Melilla}.

UK nationals: Where a staff member has dual nationality including British, they should be coded as British. If a dual nationality, not including British, but including non-UK EU country then use relevant EU country code. If neither British or non-UK EU country then code as either nationality.

GB: United Kingdom

For nationality the code GB must be used. Note that the code UK is not on the NSCC list and is invalid for nationality.

Staff with British nationality should be coded GB (there are no separate nationality codes for British National (Overseas) and other forms of British nationality).

GG, JE, XL: Guernsey and Jersey (Channel Islands)

The Channel Islands are not part of the United Kingdom and not part of the European Union. United Kingdom codes must not be used for nationality. The Bailiwicks of Guernsey (which includes the smaller islands of Alderney and Sark) and of Jersey must be treated separately. The code XL may be used for nationality, but only for staff members that were already current in 2007/08, to avoid the need for re-coding.

IM: Isle of Man

The Isle of Man is not part of the United Kingdom and not part of the European Union. United Kingdom codes must not be used for nationality. The code IM must be used for nationality.

CY, XA, XB, XC: Cyprus

The following treatment does not imply any recognition that the de facto Turkish occupation and control of northern Cyprus is legitimate, but does deal with the practical need to record the source of staff. The separate codes Cyprus (European Union) (XA) and Cyprus (non European Union) (XB) must be used for nationality. The code XC may be used for nationality, but only for staff members that were already current in 2007/08, to avoid the need for re-coding. Note that an appropriate United Kingdom code should be used for nationality for staff members from the British sovereign military areas on Cyprus. The code CY is invalid for nationality unless and until there is any change in the political situation, in which case the coding arrangements will be reviewed.

FO, GL: Faroe Islands and Greenland

The Faroe Islands and Greenland must be treated separately, and the codes FO and GL must be used for nationality. Note that, despite their relationship with Denmark, neither Greenland nor the Faroe Islands are part of the European Union.

FR: French Republic

The French Republic comprises Metropolitan France (France Metropolitain) [including Corsica], the four Overseas Departments (Départements d'Outre-Mer, or D.O.M.) of French Guiana (GF), Guadeloupe (GP), Martinique (MQ), and Réunion (RE), the six Overseas Collectives (Collectivites d'Outre-Mer, or C.O.M.) of Mayotte (YT), St Pierre & Miquelon (PM), French Polynesia (PF) [also designated as a Pays d'Outre-Mer], Wallis & Futuna (WF), St Martin (French part) [St Martin] (MF) and St Barthélemy (BL), the Overseas Territory (Territoire d'Outre-Mer, or T.O.M.) of the French Southern Territories (TF), and finally New Caledonia (NC) which has a special status similar to a T.O.M.. Metropolitan France and the four Overseas Departments are all part of the European Union. For nationality the code FR must be used throughout, and all the other codes in this group are invalid.

IT, VA: Italy and Vatican City (Holy See)

Italy and Vatican City must be treated separately, and the codes IT and VA must be used for nationality.

NL: Kingdom of the Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises the European country of The Netherlands and the Caribbean countries of Aruba (AW) and Netherlands Antilles (AN). For nationality the code NL must be used throughout. Netherlands Antilles is to be further subdivided, and this may require further codes to be allocated in ISO 3166, but this had not been done as at mid-2007.

ES: Spain and the Canary Islands

The Canary Islands are part of Spain, and hence of the European Union, but with some special derogations and provisions particularly relating to customs and fiscal matters. For nationality, the code ES must be used for both mainland Spain and the Canaries. No separate codes are provided in the ONS list for the exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of north Africa, and for nationality purposes they should be regarded as part of mainland Spain.

NO: Norway and Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Svalbard (Spitzbergen) is an inhabited Norwegian territory in the Arctic Ocean. For nationality the code NO must be used throughout. Jan Mayen Island is included with Svalbard but has no settled inhabitants. Bouvet Island (BV) is a Norwegian island in the South Atlantic Ocean, but has no settled inhabitants, so code BV is invalid for nationality.

MA, EH: Morocco, Western Sahara

Western Sahara (EH) is a disputed territory occupied and administered by Morocco (MA). The code EH should be used where appropriate for nationality.

PS: Occupied Palestinian Territories

This code description changed in 2008/09 to reflect the change in the National Statistics Country Classification. It must be used where appropriate for nationality.

US, GU, MP, AS, MH, FM, PW: United States, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States; its current Commonwealth status grants it a measure of internal self-government, and its longer-term status is the subject of active debate in 2006. Puerto Ricans are citizens of the United States. For nationality the code US must be used.

The US Virgin Islands (the former Danish West Indies, purchased from Denmark by the United States in 1916) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States. US Virgin Islanders are citizens of the United States. For nationality the code US must be used .

Guam (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States. For nationality the code GU must be used.

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States; its Commonwealth status grants it a measure of internal self-government. For nationality the code MP must be used.

American Samoa is an Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States. For nationality the code AS must be used. The United States Minor Outlying Islands comprise Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island in the Pacific, and Navassa Island in the Caribbean. They are Unincorporated (Incorporated in the case of Palmyra Atoll) Unorganized Territories of the United States. They have no settled inhabitants.

The Marshall Islands (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) are a self-governing state in free association with the United States. For nationality the code MH must be used.

The Federated States of Micronesia (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) are a self-governing state in free association with the United States. For nationality the code FM must be used.

Palau (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is a self-governing state in free association with the United States. For nationality the code PW must be used.

CN, TW, HK, MO: China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao

China (CN) should be used for nationality where relevant in cases not covered by the following guidance. Taiwan (TW) - The United Kingdom acknowledges the position of the Chinese Government that Taiwan is a province of China and recognises the Chinese Government as the sole legal government of China. The United Kingdom does not recognise Taiwan as a state and does not have diplomatic relations with Taiwan. However, because the United Kingdom accepts passports issued by the Taiwanese Authorities for immigration purposes, it is necessary to use a separate country code TW for Taiwan in the nationality field. This has no bearing on the United Kingdom's position on Taiwan's status.

Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) (HK) appears separately for historical and immigration reasons as this Special Administrative Region issues different passports from those of the PRC. This code is not regarded as having any implications for issues of nationality, but should continue to be used in the nationality field.

Macao (Special Administrative Region of China) (MO) appears separately for historical and immigration reasons as this Special Administrative Region issues different passports from those of the PRC. This code is not regarded as having any implications for issues of nationality, but should continue to be used in the nationality field.

AU: Australia, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, Heard Island and MacDonald Islands.

Christmas Island is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. For nationality the code AU must be used.

Cocos (Keeling) Islands is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. For nationality the code AU must be used.

Norfolk Island is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. For nationality the code AU must be used.

Heard Island and MacDonald Islands are a territory of Australia with no settled inhabitants.

NZ : New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue and Tokelau

The Cook Islands are a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand; they form part of the Realm of New Zealand and Cook Islanders are New Zealand citizens. Accordingly, for nationality the code NZ must be used.

Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand; it forms part of the Realm of New Zealand and Niueans are New Zealand citizens. Accordingly, for nationality the code NZ must be used.

Tokelau is a New Zealand territory whose future status is currently under discussion; a proposal for free association with New Zealand on a basis similar to that of the Cook Islands and Niue was rejected by referendum in 2006. As an interim arrangement pending the determination of the future status of Tokelau, for nationality the code NZ must be used.

IO: British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT)

The Chagos Islands form the principal part of this territory, and these include the island of Diego Garcia which is a leased to the United States of America as a major military base. The indigenous inhabitants of BIOT have been displaced elsewhere, and the territory accordingly has no settled inhabitants at present (on the above definition). Accordingly the code IO may be used as a nationality code for displaced indigenous inhabitants.

AQ: Antarctica

Since there are no settled inhabitants in Antarctica, code AQ is invalid for both domicile and nationality. Although there are a number of national territorial claims to parts of Antarctica, these have been in abeyance since the coming into force of the Antarctic Treaty in 1961.

XM, XN, XO, XZ, AA, ZZ: Obsolete Countries, Regions, Stateless, and Unknown

For nationality, codes XM, XN, XO may be used only for staff members who hold these obsolete nationalities and no other, presumably because they emigrated at a time when the nationalities were current and they have never acquired any other nationality. Code XZ although in the NSCC list, is invalid for nationality. Code AA should be used only when a staff member is known to be stateless, and code ZZ should be used when nationality is not known or when it is impossible from the available documentation to assign a nationality from the above list.

QO: Kosovo

A new code for Kosovo (QO) has been added to the classification in acknowledgement of the UK's recognition of Kosovo as an independent nation.

Note: 'no settled inhabitants' means no inhabitants apart from military and scientific personnel, staff of contractors, and seasonal residents.

SD and SS: Sudan and South Sudan

South Sudan (SS), formerly part of Sudan (SD), became a country in its own right on July 9th 2011. There is no obligation for institutions to recode continuing staff recorded with a nationality of SD to the newer code, but they may do so if the information is available.

A mapping document to the new country codes from the old 4-digit codes previously used can be found at Country codes (old to new)
Reason Required: To provide information about net inflows of staff of different nationalities.

Valid Entries

AAStateless
ADAndorra
AEUnited Arab Emirates
AFAfghanistan
AGAntigua and Barbuda
AIAnguilla
ALAlbania
AMArmenia
AOAngola
ARArgentina
ASAmerican Samoa
ATAustria
AUAustralia
AZAzerbaijan
BABosnia and Herzegovina
BBBarbados
BDBangladesh
BEBelgium
BFBurkina [Burkina Faso]
BGBulgaria
BHBahrain
BIBurundi
BJBenin
BMBermuda
BNBrunei [Brunei Darussalam]
BOBolivia
BRBrazil
BSBahamas, The
BTBhutan
BWBotswana
BYBelarus
BZBelize
CACanada
CDCongo (Democratic Republic) [Congo (The Democratic Republic of the)] {formerly Zaire}
CFCentral African Republic
CGCongo
CHSwitzerland
CIIvory Coast [Côte D'ivoire]
CLChile
CMCameroon
CNChina
COColombia
CRCosta Rica
CUCuba
CVCape Verde
CZCzech Republic
DEGermany
DJDjibouti
DKDenmark
DMDominica
DODominican Republic
DZAlgeria
ECEcuador
EEEstonia
EGEgypt
EHWestern Sahara
EREritrea
ESSpain {includes Ceuta, Melilla}
ETEthiopia
FIFinland
FJFiji
FKFalkland Islands [Falkland Islands (Malvinas)]
FMMicronesia [Micronesia, Federated States of]
FOFaroe Islands
FRFrance {includes Corsica}
GAGabon
GBUnited Kingdom
GDGrenada
GEGeorgia
GGGuernsey
GHGhana
GIGibraltar
GLGreenland
GMGambia, The
GNGuinea
GQEquatorial Guinea
GRGreece
GSSouth Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands
GTGuatemala
GUGuam
GWGuinea-Bissau
GYGuyana
HKHong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) [Hong Kong]
HNHonduras
HRCroatia
HTHaiti
HUHungary
IDIndonesia
IEIreland
ILIsrael
IMIsle of Man
INIndia
IOBritish Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT)
IQIraq
IRIran [Iran, Islamic Republic of]
ISIceland
ITItaly {Includes Sardinia, Sicily}
JEJersey
JMJamaica
JOJordan
JPJapan
KEKenya
KGKyrgyzstan
KHCambodia
KIKiribati
KMComoros
KNSt Kitts and Nevis
KPKorea (North) [Korea, Democratic People's Republic of]
KRKorea (South) [Korea, Republic of]
KWKuwait
KYCayman Islands
KZKazakhstan
LALaos [Lao People's Democratic Republic]
LBLebanon
LCSt Lucia
LILiechtenstein
LKSri Lanka
LRLiberia
LSLesotho
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
LVLatvia
LYLibya [Libyan Arab Jamahiriya]
MAMorocco
MCMonaco
MDMoldova [Moldova, Republic of]
MEMontenegro
MGMadagascar
MHMarshall Islands
MKMacedonia [Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of]
MLMali
MMBurma [Myanmar]
MNMongolia
MOMacao (Special Administrative Region of China) [Macao]
MPNorthern Mariana Islands
MRMauritania
MSMontserrat
MTMalta
MUMauritius
MVMaldives
MWMalawi
MXMexico
MYMalaysia
MZMozambique
NANamibia
NENiger
NGNigeria
NINicaragua
NLNetherlands
NONorway
NPNepal
NRNauru
NZNew Zealand
OMOman
PAPanama
PEPeru
PGPapua New Guinea
PHPhilippines
PKPakistan
PLPoland
PNPitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands [Pitcairn]
PSOccupied Palestinian Territories [Palestinian Territory, Occupied] {formerly West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and Gaza Strip}
PTPortugal {includes Madeira, Azores}
PWPalau
PYParaguay
QAQatar
QNSerbia and Montenegro not otherwise specified
QOKosovo
RORomania
RSSerbia
RURussia [Russian Federation]
RWRwanda
SASaudi Arabia
SBSolomon Islands
SCSeychelles
SDSudan
SESweden
SGSingapore
SHSt Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
SISlovenia
SKSlovakia
SLSierra Leone
SMSan Marino
SNSenegal
SOSomalia
SRSurinam [Suriname]
SSSouth Sudan
STSao Tome and Principe
SVEl Salvador
SYSyria [Syrian Arab Republic]
SZSwaziland
TCTurks and Caicos Islands
TDChad
TGTogo
THThailand
TJTajikistan
TLEast Timor [Timor Leste]
TMTurkmenistan
TNTunisia
TOTonga
TRTurkey
TTTrinidad and Tobago
TVTuvalu
TWTaiwan [Taiwan, Province of China]
TZTanzania [Tanzania, United Republic of]
UAUkraine
UGUganda
USUnited States
UYUruguay
UZUzbekistan
VAVatican City [Holy See (Vatican City State)]
VCSt Vincent and The Grenadines
VEVenezuela
VGBritish Virgin Islands [Virgin Islands, British]
VNVietnam [Viet Nam]
VUVanuatu
WSSamoa
XACyprus (European Union)
XBCyprus (Non-European Union)
XCCyprus not otherwise specified
XLChannel Islands not otherwise specified
XMCzechoslovakia not otherwise specified
XNUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics not otherwise specified
XOYugoslavia not otherwise specified
YEYemen
ZASouth Africa
ZMZambia
ZWZimbabwe
ZZNot known

Validation Rules

001979
NATION must contain a valid code (see coding manual for all valid entries) (Severity: 99)
M_VALIDCODE