Higher education students are those students on
programmes of study that are of a standard that is higher than
the Advanced Level of the General Certificate of Education, the
Higher Grade of the Scottish Certificate of Education, or the
BTEC or SCOTVEC National Certificate/Diploma.
The HESA student record contains information about individual
enrolments, which, because a student can be enrolled on
more than one programme of study, will exceed the number of
students. For ease of reading, however, the terms enrolment and
student have been used interchangeably throughout this
The HESA Standard HE Population (Tables 0 to 11) has
been derived from the HESA July (whole session) individualised
student record. It includes all higher education enrolments as
at 1 December 1995 except (i) Dormant students (those who have
ceased studying but have not formally deregistered) and (ii)
Students who left the institution prior to 1 December 1995 or
who commenced a programme of study after this date are not
included in the figures.
The HESA Qualifications Obtained Population (Tables 12
to 15) is a count of student enrolments associated with the
award of an HE qualification (excluding HE credits) during the
period 1 August 1995 to 31 July 1996 inclusive. It does not
include dormant students (awards from dormant status are
Data relating to qualifications obtained cannot therefore be
directly compared to the HESA Standard HE Population as it is
possible for a student who has obtained his or her
qualification prior to 1 December 1995 to be included in Tables
12 to 15 but excluded from Tables 0 to 11 (similarly a student
can commence a programme of study and obtain a qualification
after 1 December 1995).
This population includes all qualifications obtained during the
1995/96 reporting year, which were returned to HESA by 15
In the tables, "not applicable" is represented by
Full-time students include all students studying
full-time (for more than 18 weeks in the academic year),
students on thick or thin Sandwich courses (except where
they have been tabulated separately), and those on a
study-related year out of their institution.
Part-time students include those studying part-time, on
block release, during the evenings only, full-time for less
than 18 weeks in the academic year or those employing
Other modes of study, that is, students writing up
theses or on sabbatical (except where they have been tabulated
Postgraduate programmes of study are those leading to
higher degrees, diplomas and certificates (including
Postgraduate Certificates of Education (PGCE) and professional
qualifications) which usually require a first degree as an
Higher degrees include doctorates, masters degrees and
higher bachelors degrees.
Other postgraduate includes postgraduate diploma,
certificate and professional qualifications, PGCE,
institutional postgraduate credit and no formal postgraduate
In tables where postgraduate level of study is further
disaggregated into Postgraduate Research and
Postgraduate Taught the following groupings are used:
Postgraduate Research includes Doctorate, Masters, and
Postgraduate bachelors degrees studied for mainly by research.
Postgraduate Taught includes Doctorate, Masters, and
Postgraduate bachelors degrees studied for not mainly by
research, and postgraduate diplomas and certificates (including
PGCE and professional qualifications).
First degrees include first degrees, first degrees with
Qualified Teacher Status/registration with the General Teaching
Council for Scotland, enhanced first degrees, first degrees
obtained concurrently with a diploma and intercalated first
Other undergraduate includes all higher education
programmes of study not included above.
First year students are those in their first year of a
programme of study. In some cases the student's first year of
study may be the second or subsequent year of a
Domicile data was supplied to HESA in the form of postcodes (UK domiciled students) or country codes. Postcodes were mapped to counties and UK nations following consultation with Geoplan Postcode Marketing. Countries were mapped to geographical regions following consultation with Department for Education and Employment statisticians and the British Council. Where no data was supplied about the student's domicile, fee status was used to determine whether domicile was UK, Other EU, or Other Overseas.
UK domiciled students are those normally resident in the
United Kingdom, including those living in the Channel Islands
and Isle of Man.
Of those students from Overseas, Other EU
students are those normally resident in countries which were
European Union members as at 1 December 1995. Other
Overseas includes students whose normal place of residence
prior to commencing their programme of study was outside the
Age is as at 31 August 1995.
Programmes of study have been aggregated to 19 broad subject
areas. The relationship of the academic content of the
programme to the 19 areas has been compiled according to the
- a programme with a single subject is allocated to its
- if a combination of two subjects lies within one area, the programme is allocated to that area.
- if a combination of two subjects lies within more than one area, with a major/minor split, the programme is allocated to the area relating to the major part of study.
- if a combination of two subjects lies within more than one area, with an equal split, the programme is allocated to the Combined area.
It should be noted that all subject combinations (major or
minor) containing Initial Teacher Training (ITT) are included
in the Education subject area.
It should be noted that a student's highest qualification on
entry is not necessarily that required for entry to the
Categories used are:
Postgraduate (excluding PGCE) includes all postgraduate
degrees, diplomas and certificates excluding the Postgraduate
Certificate of Education (PGCE).
PGCE - as described.
First degree of UK institution - as described.
Other graduate and equivalent qualifications include
graduate qualifications obtained outside the UK, NVQ/SVQ level
5 plus any other qualifications at graduate level not listed
HE Credits include Open University credits and credits
from other UK HE institutions.
Other HE and professional qualifications include
certificates and diplomas of education, HNC or HND (including
BTEC and SCOTVEC equivalents), diplomas in HE, NVQ/SVQ level 4
and professional qualifications.
GCE A-level, SCE Highers and equivalent - as described
plus ONC or OND (including BTEC and SCOTVEC equivalents).
A-level equivalent vocational qualifications include
GNVQ/GSVQ level 3 and NVQ/SVQ level 3.
ACCESS courses - as described (both accredited and
GCSE/O-level qualifications only; SCE O grades and Standard
grades - as described.
Other qualifications include International
Baccalaureate, foundation courses, GNVQ/GSVQ levels 1 and 2,
NVQ/SVQ levels 1 and 2, and any other qualifications not listed
No qualification required/held - the institution does
not require the student to hold a qualification on entry or it
is known that the student has no qualification.
Not known - nothing is known about the student's
qualifications on entry to their programme of study.
Ethnicity categories are those used in the 1991 Census
of Population (Source: Office of Population Censuses and
Surveys). For continuing students, where the information is not
already known, institutions have the option of recording the
student's ethnic group as not yet sought. As a result, some
institutions have not returned ethnicity data for some of their
students. In addition, students may choose not to reveal their
ethnicity. HESA therefore advises that the figures reported in
this volume are derived from a subset which may not be
representative of the total student population.
For continuing students, where the information is not already
known, institutions have the option of recording the student's
disability as not sought. As a result, some institutions have
not returned disability data for some of their students. In
addition, students are not obliged to report a disability. HESA
therefore advises that the figures reported in this volume are
derived from a subset which may not be representative of the
total student population.
The allocation of an institution to a geographical region
relates only to the administrative centre of the institution.
There may be students registered at institutions who are
studying in regions other than that of the administrative
centre of the institution.
The Open University is counted as a wholly English institution.
The administrative centre is located in England, although The
Open University teaches throughout the UK.
Home fees include all UK (excluding Channel Islands and
Isle of Man) and Other EU domiciled full-time and sandwich
students paying home fees plus all UK and Other EU domiciled
students paying part-time fees other than cost recovery
Certain qualifications obtained at first degree level are not
subject to classification of award, notably medical and general
degrees. These, together with ordinary degrees, have been
included within the pass/unclassified category in this
Student full-time equivalence (FTE) data represents the
institution's assessment of the full-time equivalence of the
student during the reporting year 1 August to 31 July.