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Aggregate offshore 2021/22 - Country of activity

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Aggregate offshore 2021/22

Fields required from institutions in All fields

Country of activity


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valid entries
Typefield
Short nameCOUNTRY
Description

This field defines the country where overseas provision is available; the country where the students are studying.

Applicable toEngland Northern Ireland Scotland Wales
Coverage

Compulsory for all records.

Valid entries and labels
CodeLabel
AFAfghanistan
AXÅland Islands {Ahvenamaa}
ALAlbania
DZAlgeria
ASAmerican Samoa
ADAndorra
AOAngola
AIAnguilla
AGAntigua and Barbuda
ARArgentina
AMArmenia
AWAruba
AUAustralia
ATAustria
AZAzerbaijan
BSBahamas, The
BHBahrain
BDBangladesh
BBBarbados
BYBelarus
BEBelgium
BZBelize
BJBenin
BMBermuda
BTBhutan
BOBolivia [Bolivia, Plurinational State of]
BQBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
BABosnia and Herzegovina
BWBotswana
BRBrazil
VGBritish Virgin Islands [Virgin Islands, British]
BNBrunei [Brunei Darussalam]
BGBulgaria
BFBurkina Faso
BIBurundi
KHCambodia
CMCameroon
CACanada
ICCanary Islands
CVCape Verde
KYCayman Islands
CFCentral African Republic
TDChad
CLChile
CNChina
CXChristmas Island
CCCocos (Keeling) Islands
COColombia
KMComoros
CGCongo
CDCongo (Democratic Republic) [Congo (The Democratic Republic of the)]
CKCook Islands
CRCosta Rica
HRCroatia
CUCuba
CWCuraçao
XACyprus (European Union)
XBCyprus (Non-European Union)
CZCzech Republic
DKDenmark
DJDjibouti
DMDominica
DODominican Republic
TLEast Timor [Timor Leste]
ECEcuador
EGEgypt
SVEl Salvador
XFEngland
GQEquatorial Guinea
EREritrea
EEEstonia
ETEthiopia
FKFalkland Islands [Falkland Islands (Malvinas)]
FOFaroe Islands
FJFiji
FIFinland
FRFrance
GFFrench Guiana
PFFrench Polynesia
GAGabon
GMGambia, The
GEGeorgia
DEGermany
GHGhana
GIGibraltar
GRGreece
GLGreenland
GDGrenada
GPGuadeloupe
GUGuam
GTGuatemala
GGGuernsey
GNGuinea
GWGuinea-Bissau
GYGuyana
HTHaiti
HNHonduras
HKHong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) [Hong Kong]
HUHungary
ISIceland
INIndia
IDIndonesia
IRIran [Iran, Islamic Republic of]
IQIraq
IEIreland
IMIsle of Man
ILIsrael
ITItaly
CIIvory Coast [Côte D'ivoire]
JMJamaica
JPJapan
JEJersey
JOJordan
KZKazakhstan
KEKenya
KIKiribati
KPKorea (North) [Korea, Democratic People's Republic of]
KRKorea (South) [Korea, Republic of]
QOKosovo
KWKuwait
KGKyrgyzstan
LALaos [Lao People's Democratic Republic]
LVLatvia
LBLebanon
LSLesotho
LRLiberia
LYLibya
LILiechtenstein
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
MOMacao (Special Administrative Region of China) [Macao]
MKNorth Macedonia
MGMadagascar
MWMalawi
MYMalaysia
MVMaldives
MLMali
MTMalta
MHMarshall Islands
MQMartinique
MRMauritania
MUMauritius
YTMayotte
MXMexico
FMMicronesia [Micronesia, Federated States of]
MDMoldova [Moldova, Republic of]
MCMonaco
MNMongolia
MEMontenegro
MSMontserrat
MAMorocco
MZMozambique
MMMyanmar (Burma) [The Republic of the Union of Myanmar]
NANamibia
NRNauru
NPNepal
NLNetherlands
NCNew Caledonia
NZNew Zealand
NINicaragua
NENiger
NGNigeria
NUNiue
NFNorfolk Island
XGNorthern Ireland
MPNorthern Mariana Islands
NONorway
PSOccupied Palestinian Territories [Palestine, State of]
OMOman
PKPakistan
PWPalau
PAPanama
PGPapua New Guinea
PYParaguay
PEPeru
PHPhilippines
PNPitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands [Pitcairn]
PLPoland
PTPortugal
PRPuerto Rico
QAQatar
RERéunion
RORomania
RURussia [Russian Federation]
RWRwanda
WSSamoa
SMSan Marino
STSao Tome and Principe
SASaudi Arabia
XHScotland
SNSenegal
RSSerbia
SCSeychelles
SLSierra Leone
SGSingapore
SXSint Maarten (Dutch part)
SKSlovakia
SISlovenia
SBSolomon Islands
SOSomalia
ZASouth Africa
GSSouth Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands
SSSouth Sudan
ESSpain
LKSri Lanka
BLSt Barthélemy
SHSt Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
KNSt Kitts and Nevis
LCSt Lucia
MFSt Martin (French Part) [St Martin]
PMSt Pierre and Miquelon
VCSt Vincent and The Grenadines
SDSudan
SRSuriname
SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen
SZEswatini
SESweden
CHSwitzerland
SYSyria [Syrian Arab Republic]
TWTaiwan [Taiwan, Province Of China]
TJTajikistan
TZTanzania [Tanzania, United Republic of]
THThailand
TGTogo
TKTokelau
TOTonga
TTTrinidad and Tobago
TNTunisia
TRTurkey
TMTurkmenistan
TCTurks and Caicos Islands
TVTuvalu
UGUganda
UAUkraine
AEUnited Arab Emirates
USUnited States
VIUnited States Virgin Islands [Virgin Islands, U. S.]
UYUruguay
UZUzbekistan
VUVanuatu
VAVatican City [Holy See (Vatican City State)]
VEVenezuela [Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of]
VNVietnam [Viet Nam]
XIWales
WFWallis and Futuna
EHWestern Sahara
YEYemen
ZMZambia
ZWZimbabwe
Notes

This coding frame is determined by the National Statistics Country Classification 2006 (NSCC), which is based on ISO 3166-1 Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries and their Subdivisions, and the United Nations' Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use. In a small number of cases, the NSCC usage differs from the usage in ISO 3166 on which the NSCC is based. Where that happens, the ISO 3166 usage is given in brackets after the preferred UK usage, to facilitate cross-reference to the international standard. For example for code KR the description is Korea (South). The text in brackets, [Korea, Republic of], is the ISO 3166 description.

Where HESA publishes domicile and nationality data it does so using the National Statistics Country Classification 2006 (NSCC) code labels. HESA includes the ISO 3166-1 description [text in brackets] within the valid entry labels to ensure that labeling standards, both UK and international, are available only for cross-referencing. HESA does not insist that HEPs display these additional descriptions in their own output.

Note: 'no settled inhabitants' means no inhabitants apart from military and scientific personnel, staff of contractors, and seasonal residents. Codes for countries with no settled inhabitants are referred to in the guidance but omitted from the valid entries list, for example, AQ Antarctica.

Providers in England: XF, XG, XH, XI, GG, JE, IM: United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man

UK country codes XF, XG, XH, XI, GG, JE and IM must only be used where provision is predominantly aimed at overseas students studying abroad with no active recruitment of UK based students, such that students located in the UK are truly exceptional. Where this is not the case the UK based students should be included in the Student or Student Alternative returns.

The Bailiwicks of Guernsey and of Jersey must be treated separately, and the codes GG and JE must be used.

Please refer to the coverage of the record for full information.

Providers in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales: XF, XG, XH, XI, GG, JE, IM: United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man

UK country codes XF, XG, XH and XI must only be used where provision is predominantly aimed at overseas students studying abroad with no active recruitment of UK based students, such that students located in the UK are truly exceptional. Where this is not the case the UK based students should be included in the Student or Student Alternative returns.

For the purposes of the Aggregate Offshore Return, the Channel Islands and Isle of Man are considered outside the UK for providers in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The Bailiwicks of Guernsey and of Jersey must be treated separately, and the codes GG and JE must be used.

Please refer to the coverage of the record for full information.

CY, XA, XB, XC: Cyprus

The following treatment does not imply any recognition that the de facto Turkish occupation and control of northern Cyprus is legitimate, but does deal with the practical need to record the source of students. The separate codes Cyprus (European Union) (XA) and Cyprus (non European Union) (XB) must be used. The code XC may be used where it has not been specified. Note that an appropriate United Kingdom code should be used for graduates from the British sovereign military areas on Cyprus. The code CY is invalid unless and until there is any change in the political situation, in which case the coding arrangements will be reviewed.

FI, AX: Finland and the Åland Islands

The Åland Islands {also known as Ahvenamaa} are an autonomous demilitarised region of Finland, and are part of the European Union subject to some derogations and special provisions. The code FI must be used only for Finland excluding the Åland Islands, and the code AX must be used for the Åland Islands.

CD: Congo

Congo (Democratic Republic) [Congo (The Democratic Republic of the)] {formerly known as Zaire}.

FO, GL: Faroe Islands and Greenland

The Faroe Islands and Greenland must be treated separately, and the codes FO and GL must be used. Note that, despite their relationship with Denmark, neither Greenland nor the Faroe Islands are part of the European Union.

FR, GF, GP, MQ, RE, YT, PM, PF, WF, BL, MF, TF and NC: French Republic

The French Republic comprises Metropolitan France (France Métropolitain) {includes Corsica}, the five Overseas Departments (Départements d'Outre-Mer, or D.O.M.) of French Guiana (GF), Guadeloupe (GP), Martinique (MQ), Mayotte (YT), and Réunion (RE), the five Overseas Collectivities (Collectivités d'Outre-Mer, or C.O.M.) of St Pierre & Miquelon (PM), French Polynesia (PF) [also designated as a Pays d'Outre-Mer], and Wallis & Futuna (WF), St Barthélemy (BL), St Martin (French Part) (MF), the Overseas Territory (Territoire d'Outre-Mer, or T.O.M.) of the French Southern Territories (TF), and finally New Caledonia (NC) which has a special status similar to a T.O.M..

Metropolitan France and the five Overseas Departments are all part of the European Union. The code FR must be used only for Metropolitan France, and other codes must be used with their natural meaning, except that there are no settled inhabitants in the French Southern Territories, so code TF is invalid.

IT, VA: Italy and Vatican City (Holy See)

Italy {Includes Sardinia, Sicily}.

Italy and Vatican City must be treated separately, and the codes IT and VA must be used.

NL, AW, CW, SX, BQ, AN: Kingdom of the Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises the European country of The Netherlands (NL); the Caribbean country of Aruba (AW), and the former island territories of the Netherlands Antilles: Curaçao (CW); Sint Maarten (Dutch part) (SX); and the combined special municipalities of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (BQ).

On October 10th 2010, the Netherlands Antilles (AN) was dissolved and its constituent island territories became constituent countries or special municipalities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in their own right. Consequently, the Netherlands Antilles (AN) has ceased to be a valid code and has been superseded by the following codes:

CW Curaçao
SX Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
BQ Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba

The code NL must be used only for The Netherlands in Europe, and the codes AW, CW, SX, and BQ must be used with their natural meaning.

NO, SJ, BV: Norway and Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Svalbard (Spitzbergen) is an inhabited Norwegian territory in the Arctic Ocean. The code SJ must be used for Svalbard, and the code NO must be used only for Norway excluding Svalbard. Jan Mayen Island is included with Svalbard under code SJ, but has no settled inhabitants. Bouvet Island (BV) is a Norwegian island in the South Atlantic Ocean, but has no settled inhabitants.

MA, EH; Morocco, Western Sahara

Western Sahara (EH) is a disputed territory occupied and administered by Morocco (MA). The code EH should be used where appropriate.

PS: Occupied Palestinian Territories

Occupied Palestinian Territories [Palestine, State of] {formerly known as West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and Gaza Strip} was changed in 2008/09 to reflect the change in the National Statistics Country Classification. It must be used where appropriate.

PT: Portugal

Portugal {includes Madeira, Azores}.

ES, IC, XD, XE: Spain and the Canary Islands

Spain {includes Ceuta, Melilla}.

The Canary Islands are part of Spain, and hence of the European Union, but with some special derogations and provisions particularly relating to customs and fiscal matters. The code ES must be used for mainland Spain and the code IC must be used for the Canaries. The codes XD and XE, although in the NSCC list, are invalid. No separate codes are provided in the NSCC list for the exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of north Africa, and they should be regarded as part of mainland Spain.

US, PR, VI, GU, MP, AS, UM, MH, FM, PW: United States, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States; its current Commonwealth status grants it a measure of internal self-government, but the US Constitution reserves ultimate governance of the island to the US Congress and President. The Democratic Party 2008 Platform included an undertaking to resolve the permanent status of Puerto Rico by 2012, the principal alternatives being independence, US statehood, or a clarification of the present position. Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since 1917. The code PR must be used.

The US Virgin Islands (the former Danish West Indies, purchased from Denmark by the United States in 1916) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States. US Virgin Islanders are citizens of the United States. The code VI must be used.

Guam (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States. The code GU must be used.

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is an Unincorporated Organized Territory of the United States; its Commonwealth status grants it a measure of internal self-government. The code MP must be used.

American Samoa is an Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States. The code AS must be used. The United States Minor Outlying Islands comprise Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island in the Pacific, and Navassa Island in the Caribbean. They are Unincorporated (Incorporated in the case of Palmyra Atoll) Unorganized Territories of the United States. They have no settled inhabitants and the code UM is accordingly invalid.

The Marshall Islands (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) are a self-governing state in free association with the United States. The code MH must be used.

The Federated States of Micronesia (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) are a self-governing state in free association with the United States. The code FM must be used.

Palau (formerly part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific) is a self-governing state in free association with the United States. The code PW must be used.

The use of the code US is accordingly limited to the United States only.

CN, TW, HK, MO: China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao

China (CN) should be used for COUNTRY where relevant in cases not covered by the following guidance. Taiwan (TW) - The United Kingdom does not recognise Taiwan as a state and does not have diplomatic relations with Taiwan. However, because the United Kingdom accepts passports issued by the Taiwanese Authorities for immigration purposes, it is necessary to use a separate country code TW for Taiwan in the COUNTRY field. This has no bearing on the United Kingdom's position on Taiwan's status.

Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) (HK) appears separately for historical and immigration reasons as this Special Administrative Region issues different passports from those of the PRC. This code is not regarded as having any implications for issues of nationality.

Macao (Special Administrative Region of China) (MO) appears separately for historical and immigration reasons as this Special Administrative Region issues different passports from those of the PRC.

AU, CX, CC, NF, HM: Australia, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, Heard Island and MacDonald Islands.

Christmas Island is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. The code CX must be used.

Cocos (Keeling) Islands is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. The code CC must be used.

Norfolk Island is a non-self-governing territory of Australia. The code NF must be used.

Heard Island and MacDonald Islands are a territory of Australia with no settled inhabitants. The code HM is accordingly invalid and the code AU must be used.

The use of the code AU is accordingly limited to Australia only.

NZ, CK, NU, TK: New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau

The Cook Islands are a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand; they form part of the Realm of New Zealand and Cook Islanders are New Zealand citizens. Accordingly, the code CK must be used for the Cook Islands.

Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand; it forms part of the Realm of New Zealand and Niueans are New Zealand citizens. Accordingly, the code NU must be used for Niue.

Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory of New Zealand. A proposal for Tokelau to become a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand, on a basis similar to that of the Cook Islands and Niue, narrowly failed to achieve the required two-thirds majority at a second referendum on self-determination in 2007. Following that outcome, further consideration of any change in the status of the territory has been suspended sine die. Accordingly, the code TK must be used.

The use of the code NZ is accordingly limited to New Zealand only.

IO: British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT)

The Chagos Islands form the principal part of this territory, and these include the island of Diego Garcia which is a leased to the United States of America as a major military base. The indigenous inhabitants of BIOT have been displaced elsewhere, and the territory accordingly has no settled inhabitants at present (on the above definition). Accordingly the code IO is only valid to be used as a nationality and not a domicile country. IO will be made valid if at some point return of the indigenous inhabitants is permitted.

AQ: Antarctica

Since there are no settled inhabitants in Antarctica, code AQ is invalid and is omitted from the list. See also code XX. Although there are a number of national territorial claims to parts of Antarctica, these have been in abeyance since the coming into force of the Antarctic Treaty in 1961.

QO: Kosovo

A new code for Kosovo (QO) has been added to the classification in acknowledgement of the UK's recognition of Kosovo as an independent nation.

SD and SS: Sudan and South Sudan

South Sudan (SS), formerly part of Sudan (SD), became a country in its own right on July 9th 2011.

XM, XN, XO, EU, XP-XX, XY, XZ, AA, ZZ: Obsolete Countries, Regions, Stateless and Unknown

Codes XM, XN, XO, AA may not be used for COUNTRY, for which they are invalid. The regional codes EU and XP to XX may be used if the country is known only to this level of accuracy, in preference to using ZZ which should be a last resort. EU should be used in preference to XP if appropriate. Code XX may be used only in relation to Oceania, not Antarctica. Codes XY and XZ although in the NSCC list, are invalid. Note that codes EU and ZZ do not appear on the NSCC list.

Quality rules
Quality rules relating to this entity are displayed here.
Reason required To differentiate between the countries where overseas provision is available.
Part of
Field length2
Minimum occurrences1
Maximum occurrences1
Schema components
Element: COUNTRY
OwnerInformation Standards Board - Aligned Data Definitions
Version1.0
Change management notesNew guidance sections 'Providers in England: XF, XG, XH, XI, GG, JE, IM: United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man' and 'Providers in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales: XF, XG, XH, XI, GG, JE, IM: United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man' have been added. Valid Entries 'XF','XG','XH' and 'XI' have been added.

Contact Liaison by email or on +44 (0)1242 388 531.