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09:30 hours
Thursday 20
March 2014

Finances of HEIs

Over 3,500 new graduate start-ups in 2012/13

Results of the 2012/13 HE Business and Community Interaction Survey


The HE Business and Community Interaction (HE-BCI) Survey is completed by all publicly funded UK Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and the results show the extent to which HEIs are embedded in the economy and communities of the UK. The HE-BCI publication, released by HESA today, displays the full survey results for every UK HEI. This release provides the headline results for the UK and for each devolved administration.

The survey results show the number of new and on-going spin-off companies associated with UK HEIs. 126 spin-offs were started with some HEI ownership in 2012/13 and over 3,500 graduate start-up companies were formed. In 2012/13 active spin-off companies employed nearly 39,000 people (FTE).

Number of new spin-off companies 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 158 126
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 17 24
Staff start-ups 84 62
Graduate start-ups 2,729 3,502
Total 2,988 3,714
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13. See Annex below for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland figures

Total number of active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 1,045 1,069
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 222 208
Staff start-ups 374 432
Graduate start-ups 7,151 8,127
Total 8,792 9,836
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13. See Annex below for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland figures

Estimated current employment of all active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13 (FTE)
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 10,187 11,024
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 7,642 10,768
Staff start-ups 1,533 1,602
Graduate start-ups 13,609 15,588
Total 32,971 38,982
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13. See Annex below for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland figures

Income from business and community interactions

The HE-BCI survey covers various types of interaction with businesses and communities. The results include the income earned by HEIs from activities such as contract research, consultancy, hire of facilities and intellectual property.

The table below shows the income earned by HEIs from business and community sources in 2011/12 and 2012/13:

Business and community income sources of UK HEIs 2011/12 and 2012/13 (£ thousands)
Source 2011/12 2012/13
Collaborative research involving public funding 874,068 951,149
Contract research 1,093,806 1,166,817
Consultancy contracts 397,787 400,403
Facilities and equipment related services 138,345 141,514
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 640,834 653,337
Regeneration and development programmes 172,841 172,069
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 79,398 86,640
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13. See Annex below for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland figures

HE-BCI Publication

HE Business and Community Interaction Survey 2012/13 contains the full results of the 2012/13 survey for every HE institution. The publication includes the qualitative responses from Part A of the survey, as well as quantitative data from Part B (from which the above tables are drawn). HE Business and Community Interaction Survey 2012/13 is available to purchase now from www.hesa.ac.uk/pubs/hebci

The annual analysis of the HE-BCI data by HEFCE will be published at the end of May.

The next scheduled release from HESA will be the Performance Indicators for Widening Participation and Non-continuation Rates on 27 March. A full schedule of HESA releases for 2014 can be found here: www.hesa.ac.uk/pubs_schedule.

Notes for Editors

  1. Press enquiries should be directed to:

    HESA Press Office
    01242 211120
    pressoffice@hesa.ac.uk
    95 Promenade, Cheltenham, GL50 1HZ.

  2. HESA data is collected from all publicly funded Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the UK, plus the University of Buckingham, which is a non-publicly-funded institution, but excluding The University of Wales (central functions). The 2012/13 HE-BCI data covers 161 HEIs (130 in England, 9 in Wales, 18 in Scotland and 4 in Northern Ireland).

  3. The Higher Education Business and Community Interaction Survey (HE-BCI) is the main vehicle for measuring the volume and direction of interactions between UK Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and business and the wider community. The survey collects information on the infrastructure, capacity and strategy of HEIs, and also numeric and financial data regarding third stream activity (that is, activities concerned with the generation, use, application and exploitation of knowledge and other university capabilities outside academic environments, and distinct from core activities of teaching and research).

  4. In tables where comparisons are made between HESA HE-BCI survey figures for the latest financial year 2012/13 and the previous financial year 2011/12, the figures for the previous financial year are those reported in the 2012/13 HE-BCI return.

  5. Some variations in the data between years may be due to availability of information from independent spin-off and start-up companies, and changes in HEIs’ reporting practices.

  6. The survey has collected data for each academic year from 1999/2000, with HESA undertaking the survey since 2008/09. From 1999/2000 to 2007/08 the survey was undertaken, and its results published, by HEFCE: http://www.hefce.ac.uk/kess/hebci/

  7. The data in this release relates to all UK HE institutions. Figures for the individual nations of the UK are available in the Annex below: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland.

  8. Further headline survey results are published on the Free Statistics Online HE-BCI page.

  9. HESA cannot accept responsibility for any inferences or conclusions derived from the data by third parties.

  10. Definitions of the terms used in this press release can be found on-line here: www.hesa.ac.uk/intros/hebcidefs1213.

 

Annex - equivalent tables for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

England

England HEIs - Number of new spin-off companies 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 113 85
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 12 16
Staff start-ups 61 36
Graduate start-ups 2,354 3,110
Total 2,540 3,247
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

England HEIs - Total number of active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 735 761
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 114 113
Staff start-ups 274 318
Graduate start-ups 5,992 6,822
Total 7,115 8,014
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

England HEIs - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13 (FTE)
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 6,727 7,692
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 5,134 7,546
Staff start-ups 884 894
Graduate start-ups 11,426 13,240
Total 24,171 29,372
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Business and community income sources of England HEIs 2011/12 and 2012/13 (£ thousands)
Source 2011/12 2012/13
Collaborative research involving public funding 637,844 705,227
Contract research 946,912 1,009,351
Consultancy contracts 310,688 317,687
Facilities and equipment related services 117,536 120,561
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 540,222 550,752
Regeneration and development programmes 119,289 104,307
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 65,591 70,261
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Wales

Wales HEIs - Number of new spin-off companies 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 16 13
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 1 2
Staff start-ups 7 6
Graduate start-ups 249 240
Total 273 261
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Wales HEIs - Total number of active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 76 90
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 54 49
Staff start-ups 48 60
Graduate start-ups 757 874
Total 935 1,073
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Wales HEIs - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13 (FTE)
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 360 459
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 331 293
Staff start-ups 394 442
Graduate start-ups 1,536 1,618
Total 2,621 2,812
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Business and community income sources of Wales HEIs 2011/12 and 2012/13 (£ thousands)
Source 2011/12 2012/13
Collaborative research involving public funding 65,294 70,441
Contract research 25,604 27,501
Consultancy contracts 18,013 16,543
Facilities and equipment related services 1,346 1,359
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 31,489 30,769
Regeneration and development programmes 32,720 40,524
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 1,804 2,029
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Scotland

Scotland HEIs - Number of new spin-off companies 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 23 20
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 4 6
Staff start-ups 16 20
Graduate start-ups 126 152
Total 169 198
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Scotland HEIs - Total number of active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 181 168
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 44 36
Staff start-ups 52 54
Graduate start-ups 402 431
Total 679 689
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Scotland HEIs - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13 (FTE)
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 1,998 1,726
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 1,810 2,562
Staff start-ups 255 266
Graduate start-ups 647 730
Total 4,710 5,284
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Business and community income sources of Scotland HEIs 2011/12 and 2012/13 (£ thousands)
Source 2011/12 2012/13
Collaborative research involving public funding 135,532 145,399
Contract research 101,561 110,283
Consultancy contracts 61,948 58,144
Facilities and equipment related services 12,198 13,582
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 64,218 66,797
Regeneration and development programmes 13,375 11,684
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 6,571 6,331
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland HEIs - Number of new spin-off companies 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 6 8
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 0 0
Staff start-ups 0 0
Graduate start-ups 0 0
Total 6 8
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Northern Ireland HEIs - Total number of active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 53 50
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 10 10
Staff start-ups 0 0
Graduate start-ups 0 0
Total 63 60
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Northern Ireland HEIs - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2011/12 and 2012/13 (FTE)
Type 2011/12 2012/13
Spin-offs with some HEI ownership 1,102 1,147
Formal spin-offs, not HEI owned 367 367
Staff start-ups 0 0
Graduate start-ups 0 0
Total 1,469 1,514
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13

Business and community income sources of Northern Ireland HEIs 2011/12 and 2012/13 (£ thousands)
Source 2011/12 2012/13
Collaborative research involving public funding 35,398 30,082
Contract research 19,729 19,682
Consultancy contracts 7,138 8,029
Facilities and equipment related services 7,265 6,012
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 4,905 5,019
Regeneration and development programmes 7,457 15,554
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 5,432 8,019
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2012/13