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Table 4 - Consolidated statement of cash flows 2015/16 to 2020/21

HE Provider Data: Finance

Table 4 - Consolidated statement of cash flows

Academic years 2015/16 to 2020/21

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Providers in 2015/16 and 2016/17 were not required to report financial year end dates. As such, these dates will not appear in the table.

Some alternative providers changed their financial year end months. These providers can appear twice or not at all within certain academic years. The table grand totals will contain all provider values for the academic year.

As part of their latest data submission, HE providers are able to restate the previous year's figures. In this table, previous year's figures are based on restated figures (so the 2018/19 figures are taken from the 2019/20 return and the 2017/18 figures are from the 2018/19 return). Where a provider has not submitted data in a given academic year they will not be shown in either that academic year nor the prior academic year due to the unavailability of restated values.

For the 2019/20 academic year, providers in England who submitted data to the OfS returned data on one of two templates depending on their financial year end date. For those with financial year ends between 01 August 2019 and 31 December 2019, in the 'cash flow' section of this table they returned 'Surplus for the year'. Those with a financial year end of 01 January 2020 or later would have instead returned 'Surplus for the year before tax'. Providers in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland submitted data to HESA in relation to 'Surplus for the year before tax'. Table 4 displays both fields as they are materially different in definition.

Type of data

Administrative data

Data source

HESA (Higher Education Statistics Agency) are the experts in UK higher education data and analysis. We have been collecting higher education information since the 1994/95 academic year.

Finance data is taken from the HESA Finances record, which universities, colleges and other higher education providers return to HESA on an annual basis. The Finance record collects a range of information about the primary financial statements from HE providers' published accounts.

From 2018/19, data for English HE providers (excluding further education colleges and sixth form colleges under the primary regulation of the Education and Skills Funding Agency) was collected by the Office for Students .

We provide data and analysis on finances of HE providers to a wide variety of customers, including:

  • Governments
  • Universities (via the Heidi Plus analytics tool)
  • Academic and commercial researchers
  • Students and potential students
  • Trade unions and employers' associations
  • Policy makers.

Our data is used to regulate the sector, inform policy making, advance understanding of social and economic trends, support decision making, and enhance public understanding of - and confidence in - the higher education sector.

Related releases

Our HE Provider Data: Finance data pages collect together all of the tables we publish on finances in higher education.

Further information

open-data   Open data licence: CC-BY-4.0