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On this page: Income, Expenditure, Capital expenditure, Balance sheet, More HESA services, Publications, External sources, FAQ

Income of UK HE institutions

The HESA Finance Statistics Record collects comparable finance data from every HE institution in the UK. 

Press release 201

Income of UK HE sector 2012/13 by source

Northern Ireland
Non-EU domicile students' course fees

Finances publication

Table 1 - Income and expenditure by HE institution 2012/13 and 2011/12
Previous years

Introduction - Sector level tables and charts
Table D - income by source
Table E - funding body grants
Table F - tuition fees
Table G - research grants and contracts
Table H - other income


pie chart of income by source 2012/13
Graphic from Press Release 201. Click for larger version.
Sources of income 2012/13
Source Income (£000s) % of total
Funding body grants 7,031,856 24.1%
Tuition fees & education contracts 11,655,756 40.0%
Research grants & contracts 4,768,549 16.4%
Other income 5,398,125 18.5%
Endowment & investment income 289,583 1.0%
Total income 29,143,869  
More detail in Press Release 201
Income from non-EU domicile students course fees by country 2012/13
Location of institution Non-EU course fees (£000s) % of total income
England 3,006,658 12.4%
Wales 135,829 10.7%
Scotland 373,618 12.4%
Northern Ireland 16,409 3.3%
United Kingdom 3,532,514 12.1%
From Press Release 201


55.2% of UK HE institutions' expenditure is on staff costs.

Press release 201

Expenditure of UK HE sector 2012/13 by type

Northern Ireland

Finances publication

Table 1 - Income and expenditure by HE institution 2012/13 and 2011/12
Previous years

Introduction - Sector level tables and charts
Table I - expenditure by category
Table J - activity group
Table K - department group


pie chart of expenditure by type 2012/13
Graphic from Press Release 201
Categories of expenditure 2012/13
Category Expenditure (£000s) % of total
Staff costs - academic 8,549,289 30.6%
Staff costs - other 6,858,506 24.6%
Other operating expenses 10,489,655 37.6%
Depreciation 1,618,103 5.8%
Interest and other finance costs 402,378 1.4%
Total expenditure 27,917,931  
More expenditure tables: Finances publication introduction

Capital expenditure

HEIs spent £3.1bn on buildings and equipment in 2012/13.

Press Release 204 - Capital expenditure of HE institutions


Capital expenditure 2012/13
Source of funds Capital expenditure
% of total
Funding body grants 358,898 12%
Internal funds* 1,986,675 64%
Retained proceeds of sales 42,524 1%
Loans 325,774 10%
Other external sources 405,769 13%
Total actual spend* 3,093,926  
More detail in Press Release 204
*Total does not match sum of sources - see note 5

Balance sheet

Assets, liabilities, endowments and reserves.

Finances publication introduction - Table A - Balance sheet



More HESA services

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Mobile app

iPhone app - UK HE Stats - free from the app store. Contains four years' data for all institutions. - mobile web version of the app


HESA publications are downloadable collections of the most useful data in Excel tables.

Finance Plus 

Contains the full Finance Statistics Return for UK higher education institutions.

Data include detailed income and expenditure analysis and balance sheet information. The most recent editions include financial profile ratios.

Finance Plus
HE Finance Plus

To view all HESA publications and special offers see the Publications home page or the 2013 product catalogue.

Finances of Higher Education Institutions

Subset of the finance record - 12 tables of institution and sector level income and expenditure data.

Read the introduction online - includes 11 free Excel tables to download and 8 summary charts.

in Higher
Education Institutions
Finances in Higher Education Institutions

Older publications for 1994/95 to 2007/08 can be downloaded for free from the Publications Archive.

External sources

Related statistics are published by various organisations. These links are to external websites for which HESA is not responsible.

The British Universities Finance Directors Group (BUFDG) is the representative body for higher education finance staff in the United Kingdom.

Financial Statements of UK HE Institutions

Frequently asked finance statistics questions

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Q. How has HE income and expenditure changed over time?

Income and expenditure of HE institutions 2005/06 to 2012/13
Academic year Total income (£000s) Expenditure (£000s)
2012/13 29,143,869 27,917,931
2011/12 27,892,890 26,664,678
2010/11 27,523,406 26,205,427
2009/10 26,798,894 25,845,920
2008/09 25,371,918 24,939,307
2007/08 23,428,930 22,877,440
2006/07 21,255,048 21,016,635
2005/06 19,528,413 19,352,832
Finance data 1993/94 to 2011/12: Free online data tables


Q. What is the income of HE institutions in my region?

Region of institution 2012/13
Region Total income (£000s) Expenditure (£000s)
England 24,343,663 23,261,096
North East 1,165,830 1,108,858
North West 2,675,265 2,520,905
Yorkshire and The Humber 2,295,723 2,162,622
East Midlands 1,792,581 1,741,588
West Midlands 2,021,697 1,918,772
East of England 2,613,759 2,496,559
London 6,048,402 5,803,048
South East* 3,962,946 3,817,411
South West 1,767,460 1,691,333
Wales 1,274,426 1,257,464
Scotland 3,022,883 2,922,519
Northern Ireland 502,897 476,852
*South East total includes The Open University
Income and expenditure by institution