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Reaching out: The added value of HESA’s new measure of socioeconomic disadvantage - Appendix 3 (Scotland)

Further work on our measure of disadvantage revealed an error in the generation of HESA measure deciles. Our output area files for England, Wales and Scotland contained statistics for higher level geographies (either local authorities, regions and/or countries), which had not been removed prior to the formation of the deciles.

HESA measure deciles have been recreated based on a total of 232,296 output areas (181,408 in England and Wales, 46,531 in Scotland and 4,537 in Northern Ireland). Around 1% of output areas changed from quintile 1 to a higher quintile or vice versa. Approximately 5% of output areas were affected when undertaking an analysis by decile. We have found the impact of this to be minimal and the conclusions of our research are not materially altered.


Appendix 3: Students domiciled in Scotland

Table C1: The distribution of students only found in quintile 1 of the HESA measure by council area*


Proportion (%)

North Lanarkshire 11.6
South Lanarkshire 7.4
Fife 6.8
Glasgow City 5.7
West Lothian 5.7
Falkirk 4.9
East Ayrshire 4.8
Dumfries and Galloway 4.5
Scottish Borders 4.4
Moray 4.3
Angus 3.9
Aberdeenshire 3.6
Renfrewshire 3.4
Highland 2.9
East Lothian 2.8
Midlothian 2.6
North Ayrshire 2.6
West Dunbartonshire 2.6
City of Edinburgh 2.5
South Ayrshire 2.4
Aberdeen City 1.8
Perth and Kinross 1.4
Clackmannanshire 1.0
East Dunbartonshire 1.0
Argyll and Bute 0.9
Dundee City 0.9
East Renfrewshire 0.9
Stirling 0.8
Inverclyde 0.7
Shetland Islands 0.6
Orkney Islands 0.3
Na h-Eileanan Siar 0.1
Total 870


Table C2: The urban/rural distribution of students only found in quintile 1 of the HESA measure*

Urban/rural classification

Proportion (%)

Large urban areas 18.1
Other urban areas 47.9
Accessible small towns 14.4
Remote small towns 5.4
Very small remote towns 1.6
Accessible rural 8.2
Remote rural 2.9
Very remote rural 1.6
Total 870


Tej Nathwani

Tej Nathwani

Principal Researcher (Economist)
Siobhan Donnelly

Siobhan Donnelly

Lead Statistical Analyst