Skip to main content

Qualifications obtained by and examination results of higher education students at higher education institutions in the United Kingdom for the academic year 1997/98

Introduction

This Press Notice has been produced by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) in collaboration with Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) statisticians. It provides provisional details of qualifications obtained by and examination results of higher education (HE) students at HE institutions (HEIs) in the United Kingdom for the academic year 1997/98.

Key points

  • The number of first degree graduates fell slightly from 259,100 in 1996/97 to 258,800 in 1997/98, and the number awarded other undergraduate qualifications was 63,800 in 1997/98, an increase of 3% over the same period.
  • 10% of first degree graduates gained their award through part-time study in 1997/98.
  • 53% of first degree graduates in 1997/98 were women.
  • 115,000 students obtained HE qualifications at postgraduate level in 1997/98, an increase of 4% compared with 1996/97. Of these, 18,900 (17%) were on Postgraduate Certificate of Education (PGCE) courses, 13,700 (12%) completed their studies mainly by research, and a further 82,300 (72%) were on taught postgraduate courses other than PGCE.
  • 32,600 undergraduate and 28,200 postgraduate students obtaining HE qualifications in 1997/98 came from overseas. Overseas students accounted for 14% of all students awarded HE qualifications in 1997/98.
  • Of those gaining a first degree in 1997/98, 8% obtained a first class honours award and 42% obtained an upper second class honours award. This compares with 7% and 41% respectively in 1996/97.
  • In 1997/98 38% of first degree graduates achieved their qualification in science, a similar proportion to 1996/97. Of these, 42% were women.

Tables

Table 1 shows the numbers of students obtaining HE qualifications at HEIs in the United Kingdom by Mode of Study, Domicile, Gender and Level of Course, 1994/95 to 1997/98.

Table 2 contains information on examination results of students obtaining first degree qualifications at HEIs in the United Kingdom by Gender and Mode of Study, 1994/95 to 1997/98.

Table 3 shows the subject areas of HE qualifications obtained at HEIs in the United Kingdom by Level of Course and Gender, 1994/95 to 1997/98.

Notes to Editors

  1. The statistics in this Press Notice are derived from data collected from publicly funded higher education institutions in the UK by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). They include HE qualifications awarded by the Open University but exclude those obtained at further education colleges, the University of Buckingham and at private and independent HE colleges.
  2. The 1997/98 figures in this Press Notice are provisional.
  3. A statistical reference volume 'Students in Higher Education Institutions, 1997/98' setting out more information about students in higher education in the UK will be published by HESA in June 1999.
  4. The 1994/95 and 1995/96 figures presented include some adjustment to take account of either miscoding or under-reporting of qualifiers. Details of these adjustments can be found in earlier versions of this Press Notice.
  5. The number of qualifications awarded in 1996/97 has been adjusted to include under-reporting by four institutions.
  6. Differences in reporting practices between 1996/97 and 1997/98 by some institutions have affected growth rates, particularly those for students obtaining qualifications in the Postgraduate Taught and Other Undergraduate categories. Correcting the growth rates to take account of this produces the following figures; full-time postgraduate taught growth rate +5% (instead of +16% in the tables), part-time postgraduate taught growth rate +4% (+1%), and part-time other undergraduate growth rate +4% (+8%). There is no change to the growth rate shown in the tables for the full-time other undergraduate category.
  7. The 1997/98 figures presented include some adjustment to take account of either miscoding or under-reporting of qualifiers by two institutions.

Definitions

  1. Higher education students are those students on courses that are of a standard that is higher than the Advanced Level of the General Certificate of Education, the Higher Grade of the Scottish Certificate of Education, GNVQ/NVQ level 3 or the BTEC or SCOTVEC National Certificate/Diploma.
  2. The figures reported in this Press Notice are counts of student enrolments associated with the award of an HE qualification during the period 1 August to 31 July.

    For ease of reading the terms student and enrolment are used interchangeably.

    It is acceptable for institutions to update leavers information by making a late return of results for those students who leave an HEI at the end of the period 1 August to 31 July, for whom the institution does not know the examination results by the HESA student record return date. The student record return dates for all the academic years presented were 15 September or the first Thursday after this date.

    The figures reported in this Press Notice for the academic years 1995/96 to 1997/98 include all qualifications which were reported to HESA prior to 15 January. In the first reporting year, 1994/95, for operational reasons, the qualifications obtained include those reported prior to 1 March (1996).

  3. Level of course.

    Postgraduate courses are those leading to higher degrees, and diplomas and certificates (including postgraduate certificates of education and professional qualifications) which usually require a first degree as an entry qualification.

    First degrees include first degrees, first degrees with qualified teacher status, enhanced first degrees, first degrees obtained concurrently with a diploma, and intercalated first degrees.

    Other undergraduate HE includes all HE courses not listed above (e.g. Diploma of Higher Education, Higher National Diploma, etc).

  4. Mode of study.

    Full-time students include all students studying full-time (for more than 18 weeks in the academic year), students on thick or thin sandwich courses, and those on a study-related year out of their institution.

    Part-time students include those studying part-time, on block release, during the evenings only, or full-time for less than 18 weeks.

    Other modes of study include students writing up theses or on sabbatical.

  5. UK domiciled students are those normally resident in the United Kingdom, including those living in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
  6. From 1996/97, the figures exclude those students studying for their whole programme of study entirely outside of the UK.
  7. In the tables, '1995' refers to the academic year 1994/95, '1996' refers to the academic year 1995/96, '1997' refers to the academic year 1996/97, '1998' refers to the academic year 1997/98. The definitions of the symbols used are:

    '0.0' zero.

    '-' non-zero, less than the least significant figure shown.

    '.' not applicable.

  8. Press enquiries should be directed to Data Provision Officer at the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA), 95 Promenade, Cheltenham, GL50 1HZ; Tel: 01242 255577. General enquiries about HESA data within this Press Release should be addressed to Statistics Manager at the same address.

Table 1: Qualifications Obtained by Students on Higher Education Courses by Mode of Study, Domicile, Gender and Level of Course, 1994/95 to 1997/98 (1)

United Kingdom HEIs                         Thousands
    1995(2) 1996(2) 1997(3) 1998(4) Percentage change 1997 - 1998(5)
                  Full-time Part-time and Other All modes  
    All modes Full-time Part-time and Other All modes Full-time Part-time and Other All modes UK Overseas Total UK Overseas Total   Full-time Part-time and Other All modes
                                     
Female
  Postgraduate Research 3.2 0.9 3.1 4.0 1.2 3.4 4.7 0.6 0.4 1.1 2.6 1.1 3.8 4.8 -13 10 4
  Postgraduate Taught 28.4 12.5 21.5 34.0 13.8 22.8 36.6 9.5 6.8 16.4 20.6 3.1 23.6 40.0 18 4 9
  PGCE 12.1 11.8 1.3 13.2 11.9 1.6 13.5 11.8 0.4 12.2 0.7 - 0.7 12.9 2 -54 -4
  First Degree 121.0 116.0 13.0 129.0 121.0 13.7 134.7 110.4 12.1 122.5 13.6 0.4 14.0 136.5 1 2 1
  Other Undergraduate HE 32.4 17.2 15.9 33.1 19.0 17.6 36.6 17.0 1.8 18.9 18.4 0.7 19.1 37.9 -1 8 4
  Total 197.1 158.5 54.8 213.3 167.0 59.1 226.1 149.3 21.7 171.0 55.9 5.3 61.2 232.1 2 3 3
                                     
Male
  Postgraduate Research 6.5 1.8 6.2 8.0 2.2 6.4 8.5 1.0 1.0 2.0 4.4 2.5 6.8 8.9 -5 7 4
  Postgraduate Taught 34.1 16.1 23.8 39.9 16.6 24.0 40.6 10.2 8.6 18.8 19.5 4.0 23.6 42.4 13 -2 4
  PGCE 6.2 5.9 0.5 6.4 6.0 0.6 6.6 5.5 0.1 5.7 0.3 - 0.3 6.0 -5 -42 -9
  First Degree 118.2 111.5 11.8 123.3 112.6 11.8 124.4 96.0 15.1 111.2 10.7 0.5 11.1 122.3 -1 -6 -2
  Other Undergraduate HE 27.2 15.9 11.4 27.4 15.2 10.5 25.7 13.1 1.5 14.6 10.7 0.6 11.3 25.9 -4 8 1
  Total 192.2 151.1 53.7 204.9 152.5 53.3 205.8 125.9 26.3 152.2 45.7 7.6 53.2 205.4 0 0 0
                                     
Total
  Postgraduate Research 9.7 2.7 9.3 12.0 3.4 9.8 13.2 1.7 1.4 3.1 7.0 3.6 10.6 13.7 -8 8 4
  Postgraduate Taught 62.6 28.6 45.3 73.9 30.4 46.9 77.2 19.7 15.4 35.1 40.1 7.1 47.2 82.3 16 1 7
  PGCE 18.2 17.7 1.9 19.6 17.9 2.2 20.1 17.3 0.6 17.9 1.1 - 1.1 18.9 0 -51 -6
  First Degree 239.2 227.5 24.7 252.2 233.6 25.6 259.1 206.4 27.2 233.6 24.3 0.9 25.1 258.8 0 -2 0
  Other Undergraduate HE 59.6 33.1 27.3 60.5 34.2 28.0 62.2 30.2 3.3 33.5 29.1 1.3 30.4 63.8 -2 8 3
  Total 389.3 309.7 108.5 418.2 319.5 112.4 431.9 275.3 48.0 323.2 101.5 12.8 114.4 437.6 1 2 1
  1. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraph 2.
  2. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraph 4.
  3. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraph 5.
  4. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraph 7.
  5. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraph 6.

Table 2: Examination Results of Students Obtaining First Degree Qualifications by Gender and Mode of Study, 1994/95 to 1997/98 (1)

United Kingdom HEIs   Thousands
  First Degrees  Percentage
1st and Upper
2nd(2)
1st Upper 2nd Lower 2nd Undivided 2nd 3rd Pass Unknown Total
 
1995  
  All genders  
    Full-time 15.4 89.9 76.6 0.1 12.0 18.5 0.6 213.2 50
    Part-time and Other 1.4 6.5 6.6 - 1.8 9.4 0.1 26.0 31
    Total 16.8 96.4 83.3 0.1 13.8 28.0 0.7 239.2 47
 
1996  
  All genders  
    Full-time 16.1 96.8 83.6 0.2 12.4 18.5 - 227.5 50
    Part-time and Other 1.3 6.3 5.8 - 1.2 10.2 - 24.7 31
    Total 17.4 103.1 89.3 0.2 13.6 28.6 - 252.2 48
 
1997  
  Female  
    Full-time 7.9 56.5 43.6 0.1 4.7 8.1 0.0 121.0 53
    Part-time and Other 0.7 3.9 3.2 - 0.5 5.4 0.0 13.7 33
    Total 8.6 60.4 46.8 0.1 5.2 13.5 0.0 134.7 51
  Male  
    Full-time 9.0 43.1 42.1 0.1 8.1 10.2 0.0 112.6 46
    Part-time and Other 0.7 2.9 2.9 - 0.6 4.7 0.0 11.8 31
    Total 9.7 46.0 45.0 0.1 8.7 15.0 0.0 124.4 45
  All genders  
    Full-time 17.0 99.6 85.7 0.2 12.8 18.3 0.0 233.6 50
    Part-time and Other 1.4 6.8 6.1 - 1.0 10.2 0.0 25.6 32
    Total 18.4 106.4 91.8 0.2 13.8 28.5 0.0 259.1 48
 
1998  
  Female                  
    Full-time 8.4 58.4 42.6 - 4.8 8.2 - 122.5 55
    Part-time and Other 1.0 4.6 4.1 - 0.7 3.6 0.0 14.0 40
    Total 9.4 63.0 46.7 - 5.5 11.8 - 136.5 53
  Male  
    Full-time 9.2 42.9 40.5 - 8.0 10.5 - 111.2 47
    Part-time and Other 0.9 3.2 3.2 - 0.8 3.1 0.0 11.1 37
    Total 10.1 46.1 43.6 - 8.8 13.6 - 122.3 46
  All genders  
    Full-time 17.6 101.3 83.0 - 12.8 18.8 - 233.6 51
    Part-time and Other 1.9 7.8 7.2 - 1.5 6.7 0.0 25.1 39
    Total 19.5 109.2 90.3 - 14.3 25.4 - 258.8 50
Percentage Change 1997 to 1998  
  Female  
    Full-time 6 3 -2 -85 1 1 . 1 .
    Part-time and Other 44 18 26 -3 58 -34 . 2 .
    Total 9 4 0 -83 7 -13 . 1 .
  Male  
    Full-time 2 0 -4 -77 -1 3 . -1 .
    Part-time and Other 25 11 9 -51 31 -35 . -6 .
    Total 4 0 -3 -76 1 -9 . -2 .
  All genders  
    Full-time 4 2 -3 -81 0 2 . 0 .
    Part-time and Other 35 15 18 -30 43 -34 . -2 .
    Total 6 3 -2 -80 3 -11 . 0 .
  1. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraphs 2, 4, 5 & 7.
  2. As a percentage of those whose class of First Degree was known.

Table 3: Qualifications Obtained by Students on Higher Education Courses by Level of Course, Gender and Subject Area 1994/95 to 1997/98 (1)

United Kingdom HEIs   Thousands
    1995 1996 1997 1998 Percentage Change 1997 to 1998
    All Levels All Levels Post- graduate First Degree Other Under- graduate HE All Levels Post- graduate First Degree Other Under- graduate HE All Levels Post- graduate First Degree Other Under- graduate HE All Levels
 
Female  
  Medicine & Dentistry 3.9 3.8 1.4 3.1 - 4.5 1.3 3.0 - 4.3 -5 -4 -30 -4
  Subjects Allied to Medicine 18.6 19.9 2.9 11.6 11.2 25.7 3.1 12.8 13.9 29.7 5 10 24 15
  Biological Sciences 9.4 10.8 1.9 9.8 0.8 12.4 2.2 10.6 0.6 13.4 18 8 -20 8
  Veterinary Science 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 - 0.4 0.1 0.3 - 0.4 -9 10 -87 2
  Agriculture & Related Subjects 1.8 2.0 0.4 1.1 0.6 2.1 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.1 -7 2 -8 -2
  Physical Sciences 6.2 7.0 1.3 5.4 0.4 7.1 1.6 5.2 0.4 7.1 20 -4 -7 0
  Mathematical Sciences 1.9 2.0 0.3 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.3 1.6 0.1 2.0 2 8 -34 5
  Computer Science 3.4 3.7 0.7 2.1 1.1 3.9 1.1 2.2 1.0 4.3 52 5 -8 10
  Engineering & Technology 4.8 5.2 1.2 3.4 0.6 5.2 1.3 3.3 0.5 5.0 7 -4 -18 -3
  Architecture, Building & Planning 3.4 3.3 1.1 1.5 0.4 3.0 1.2 1.6 0.4 3.2 10 5 3 6
  Total Science 53.6 58.0 11.3 39.8 15.3 66.3 12.4 41.6 17.5 71.6 11 5 14 8
  Social, Economic & Political Studies 17.9 19.7 4.9 12.4 3.6 20.9 5.2 11.9 3.5 20.6 7 -4 -4 -1
  Law 7.9 8.7 2.5 5.4 0.5 8.5 3.1 5.6 0.6 9.2 23 2 4 8
  Business & Administrative Studies 26.9 29.1 7.8 15.2 7.4 30.5 9.6 15.2 6.8 31.6 23 0 -8 4
  Librarianship & Information Science 2.7 3.0 1.3 2.1 0.1 3.5 1.4 2.1 0.1 3.6 13 1 -3 5
  Languages 13.4 14.5 2.0 12.2 1.0 15.2 2.2 11.7 0.7 14.6 9 -4 -26 -4
  Humanities 6.4 7.2 1.3 5.8 0.4 7.4 1.4 5.7 0.4 7.4 4 -1 0 0
  Creative Arts & Design 12.3 13.2 1.8 10.7 1.7 14.3 2.0 11.4 1.4 14.7 10 6 -19 3
  Education 29.1 31.9 18.6 10.8 2.5 31.9 18.1 10.4 2.7 31.1 -3 -3 5 -2
  Combined 26.9 28.0 3.3 20.3 4.0 27.6 2.4 20.8 4.4 27.5 -29 2 8 -1
  All Subjects 197.1 213.3 54.8 134.7 36.6 226.1 57.8 136.5 37.9 232.1 5 1 4 3
 
Male  
  Medicine & Dentistry 4.0 4.0 1.4 2.9 - 4.2 1.3 2.9 - 4.2 -5 0 -25 -1
  Subjects Allied to Medicine 4.6 5.1 1.2 3.2 1.3 5.7 1.3 3.5 1.7 6.5 10 10 31 15
  Biological Sciences 6.2 7.4 1.6 6.0 0.6 8.2 1.8 6.3 0.6 8.7 9 5 4 6
  Veterinary Science 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 - 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 11 -29 -100 -17
  Agriculture & Related Subjects 2.4 2.5 0.6 1.2 0.7 2.5 0.6 1.1 0.8 2.5 0 -5 2 -2
  Physical Sciences 11.7 12.3 3.0 9.1 0.7 12.8 3.0 8.1 0.7 11.8 -1 -11 9 -7
  Mathematical Sciences 3.4 3.5 0.7 2.3 0.2 3.2 0.6 2.3 0.2 3.1 -13 3 -6 -1
  Computer Science 11.2 12.6 2.5 7.4 3.1 13.0 2.9 7.8 3.0 13.8 19 5 -4 6
  Engineering & Technology 29.9 31.1 6.4 19.7 4.3 30.5 6.8 19.3 4.2 30.4 6 -2 -1 0
  Architecture, Building & Planning 10.5 10.0 2.0 5.9 1.4 9.3 2.1 5.7 1.3 9.1 8 -3 -9 -2
  Total Science 84.1 88.7 19.5 57.9 12.3 89.7 20.6 57.3 12.4 90.3 6 -1 1 1
  Social, Economic & Political Studies 13.9 14.8 4.0 9.5 1.4 14.9 4.3 8.8 1.2 14.3 6 -8 -9 -4
  Law 7.4 8.0 2.5 4.5 0.4 7.4 3.1 4.3 0.6 8.0 26 -4 50 9
  Business & Administrative Studies 29.7 31.6 11.5 14.2 5.5 31.2 12.2 14.2 5.4 31.7 6 -1 -2 2
  Librarianship & Information Science 1.5 1.8 0.7 1.3 0.1 2.1 0.8 1.4 0.1 2.2 6 5 -11 4
  Languages 5.9 6.4 1.2 4.9 0.4 6.5 1.3 4.7 0.4 6.3 6 -4 -14 -3
  Humanities 6.0 6.6 1.6 4.9 0.3 6.8 1.7 4.7 0.2 6.6 9 -5 -26 -3
  Creative Arts & Design 9.1 9.6 1.3 7.7 1.6 10.6 1.5 8.0 1.4 10.9 14 4 -10 3
  Education 12.3 13.2 8.8 3.4 1.1 13.3 8.4 3.4 1.3 13.1 -5 0 21 -1
  Combined 22.3 24.3 4.7 16.1 2.7 23.5 3.5 15.6 2.9 22.0 -25 -3 7 -6
  All Subjects 192.2 204.9 55.7 124.4 25.7 205.8 57.3 122.3 25.9 205.4 3 -2 1 0
 
All Genders                            
  Medicine & Dentistry 7.9 7.8 2.7 6.0 - 8.8 2.6 5.9 - 8.5 -5 -2 -28 -3
  Subjects Allied to Medicine 23.2 25.1 4.1 14.8 12.5 31.4 4.4 16.3 15.6 36.2 6 10 24 15
  Biological Sciences 15.6 18.2 3.5 15.8 1.4 20.7 4.0 16.9 1.2 22.1 14 7 -10 7
  Veterinary Science 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.5 - 0.8 0.2 0.5 - 0.7 2 -8 -88 -7
  Agriculture & Related Subjects 4.2 4.5 1.0 2.3 1.3 4.6 1.0 2.3 1.3 4.5 -2 -2 -2 -2
  Physical Sciences 17.9 19.3 4.3 14.5 1.1 19.9 4.5 13.3 1.1 18.9 5 -8 3 -5
  Mathematical Sciences 5.2 5.5 1.0 3.7 0.3 5.0 0.9 3.9 0.3 5.1 -9 5 -15 1
  Computer Science 14.6 16.3 3.2 9.5 4.2 16.9 4.0 10.0 4.0 18.1 26 5 -5 7
  Engineering & Technology 34.6 36.3 7.7 23.1 4.8 35.7 8.1 22.6 4.7 35.4 6 -2 -3 -1
  Architecture, Building & Planning 13.8 13.3 3.0 7.4 1.8 12.3 3.3 7.3 1.7 12.3 9 -2 -7 0
  Total Science 137.7 146.7 30.7 97.7 27.5 156.0 33.1 98.9 29.9 161.9 8 1 9 4
  Social, Economic & Political Studies 31.8 34.5 8.9 21.9 5.0 35.8 9.5 20.7 4.7 34.9 7 -6 -5 -2
  Law 15.4 16.7 5.0 10.0 0.9 15.9 6.2 9.9 1.1 17.2 24 -1 23 9
  Business & Administrative Studies 56.6 60.7 19.3 29.5 12.9 61.7 21.8 29.4 12.2 63.4 13 0 -5 3
  Librarianship & Information Science 4.1 4.8 2.0 3.4 0.2 5.6 2.2 3.5 0.2 5.9 10 3 -7 5
  Languages 19.4 20.9 3.2 17.1 1.4 21.7 3.5 16.4 1.1 20.9 8 -4 -22 -3
  Humanities 12.4 13.7 2.9 10.7 0.6 14.2 3.1 10.4 0.5 14.0 6 -3 -11 -1
  Creative Arts & Design 21.4 22.8 3.1 18.4 3.3 24.8 3.5 19.4 2.8 25.7 12 5 -15 3
  Education 41.5 45.1 27.4 14.1 3.6 45.1 26.4 13.8 4.0 44.2 -4 -2 10 -2
  Combined 49.2 52.3 8.0 36.4 6.7 51.1 5.9 36.4 7.2 49.5 -27 0 8 -3
  All Subjects 389.3 418.2 110.5 259.1 62.2 431.9 115.0 258.8 63.8 437.6 4 0 3 1
  1. Please refer to Notes to Editors paragraphs 2, 4, 5 & 7.
Share
Press Release
HESA Press Office author avatar

Press Officer