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Female staff numbers continue to grow

2001/02 Academic staff and finance data published by HESA

The number of female academic staff in UK higher education institutions has increased again this year by 5% compared to just a 1% increase in the number of men according to statistics released today by the Higher Education Statistics Agency. Women make up only 38% of all academic staff, although looking at those just employed on a part-time basis shows they account for 55% of the workforce says the report Resources of Higher Education Institutions 2001/02 published by HESA. A summary of academic staff is shown in the table below:

Summary of Academic Staff in all UK Institutions 2001/02
    Full-time Part-time Total
Mode of employment   119900 23250 143150
Gender Female 41225 12725 53955
  Male 78675 10520 89200
Primary employment
function
Teaching/Teaching & research 80840 17465 98305
Research only 39060 5785 44845
Grade Professors 12820 990 13810
  Senior lecturers & researchers 22720 1910 24630
  Lecturers 41495 8650 50140
  Researchers 35200 5200 40400
  Other grades 7665 6505 14170
In this table 0, 1, 2 are rounded to 0. All other numbers are rounded up or down to the nearest 5.

Overall staff numbers grew by 2.3% to 143,150 from 139,940 in 2000/01. Much of this can be accounted for by the growth in the numbers of full time staff from 116,405 in 2000/01 to 119,900 in 2001/02. The HESA data shows that 84% of staff work full-time.

Analysis of staff age1 shows that nearly half (49%) of staff were aged 45 or over and 18% were aged between 51 and 55. The average age of all staff was 42. More data on staff age and grade2 is shown here:

Full-time Non-clinical Wholly Institutionally Financed Academic Staff by Grade and Age 2001/02
  Professors Senior lecturers
& researchers
Lecturers Researchers Other grades Total
Under 26 0 5 215 720 255 1195
26-30 10 85 2945 1735 460 5235
31-35 100 1050 6620 1475 485 9730
36-40 655 2775 7145 955 495 12020
41-45 1375 3490 5760 605 705 11940
46-50 2195 3725 5280 420 860 12485
51-55 3045 4470 4975 350 1025 13860
56-60 2285 2980 2475 180 540 8455
61-65 1095 1030 705 55 160 3040
66 + 105 50 25 10 25 210
Unknown 0 0 5 0 0 10
Total 10860 19660 36145 6505 5005 78180
In this table 0, 1, 2 are rounded to 0. All other numbers are rounded up or down to the nearest 5.

Three quarters of research staff were aged 40 and under in 2001/02 with 42% of senior lecturers & researchers and almost half of professors (48%) aged between 46 and 55.

When looking at the ethnicity of staff who are of UK nationality 5% or 5,460 staff were found to be of non- white ethnicity. Ethnicity data is unknown for 9% of staff and data is calculated on those whose ethnicity is known only. The chart below shows how the breakdown of non-white staff is spilt between different ethnic groups.

Known non-white ethnicity of UK nationality academic staff 2001/02

Finance data is also analysed in the report - some key points of which follow:

  • Tangible assets have increased by £996 million (7%)
  • There has been a substantial increase in short-term borrowing (£346 million) and a decrease in short-term investments (£128 million)
  • Funding council grants increased by almost £351 million (6.6%)
  • The amount of income received from tuition fees & education grants & contracts increased by 9.2%
  • UK and EU domiciled students charged full-time HE course standard fees accounted for 37.4% of income from tuition fees & education grants & contracts
  • Research councils provided just over a third of research grants & contracts - the largest share of the total.

Notes for Editors

  1. Staff age data relates only to full-time non-clinical staff, wholly financed by the institution, unless otherwise stated.
  2. Analysis by "staff grade" is only meaningful where institutions have reported their staff within nationally recognised grade structures or within internal grade structures which facilitate differentiation on a similar basis. The Agency therefore advises caution in analysis of staff by grade.
  3. The Reference Volume: Resources of Higher Education Institutions 2001/02 provides a statistical reference of academic staff and institutional finance data in the UK for 2001/02.
  4. The Reference Volume is available from the Customer Services Team, HESA, 95 Promenade, Cheltenham, GL50 1HZ, telephone 01242 211155. An electronic version on CD Rom is also available. A list of other available publications can also be obtained from the Customer Services Team.
  5. HESA cannot accept responsibility for any inferences or conclusions derived from the data by third parties.
  6. Press Enquiries should be directed to Press Officer, at HESA, 95 Promenade, Cheltenham, GL50 1HZ; telephone: 01242 211133.

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