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Over 4,600 new graduate start-ups in 2013/14

Results of the 2013/14 HE Business and Community Interaction Survey.

The HE Business and Community Interaction (HE-BCI) Survey is completed by all publicly funded UK higher education providers and the results show the extent to which providers are embedded in the economy and communities of the UK. The HE-BCI publication, released today, displays the full survey results for every UK HE institution. This release provides the headline results for the UK and for each devolved administration.

The survey results show the number of new and on-going spin-off companies associated with UK HE providers. 130 spin-offs were started with some provider ownership in 2013/14 and over 4,600 graduate start-up companies were formed. For the first time in 2013/14, the HE-BCI survey collected data on Social enterprises, of which there were 229 identified as active, and 169 newly formed in the survey year. This is likely to be an under-count of the true figure since this data has not been collected by providers before now. In 2013/14 active spin-off companies employed over 36,000 people (FTE).

Number of new spin-off companies 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 130 130
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 24 17
Staff start-ups 64 68
Graduate start-ups 3,441 4,603
Social enterprises 14 169
Total 3,673 4,987
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14. See Annex below for EnglandWalesScotland and Northern Ireland figures
Total number of active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 1,121 1,081
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 209 174
Staff start-ups 431 464
Graduate start-ups 8,163 9,963
Social enterprises 19 229
Total 9,943 11,911
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14. See Annex below for EnglandWalesScotland and Northern Ireland figures
Estimated current employment of all active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14 (FTE)
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 10,886 11,358
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 10,769 4,294
Staff start-ups 1,600 1,617
Graduate start-ups 15,457 18,560
Social enterprises 159 388
Total 38,871 36,217
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14. See Annex below for EnglandWalesScotland and Northern Ireland figures

Income from business and community interactions

The HE-BCI survey covers various types of interaction with businesses and communities. The results include the income earned by HE providers from activities such as contract research, consultancy, hire of facilities and intellectual property.

The table below shows the income earned by providers from business and community sources in 2012/13 and 2013/14:

Business and community income sources of UK HE providers 2012/13 and 2013/14 (£ thousands)
Source 2012/13 2013/14
Collaborative research involving public funding 963,027 1,143,879
Contract research 1,137,900 1,193,255
Consultancy contracts 408,155 441,858
Facilities and equipment related services 143,004 162,926
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 653,401 679,076
Regeneration and development programmes 172,171 180,606
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 86,649 131,117
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14. See Annex below for EnglandWalesScotland and Northern Ireland figures

HE-BCI publication

HE Business and Community Interaction Survey 2013/14 contains the full results of the 2013/14 survey for every HE provider. The publication includes the qualitative responses from Part A of the survey, as well as quantitative data from Part B (from which the above tables are drawn). HE Business and Community Interaction Survey 2013/14 is available to purchase now from here

The annual analysis of the HE-BCI data by HEFCE will be published later in the year.

Notes for Editors

  1. Press enquiries should be directed to:
  2. HESA data is collected from all publicly funded higher education providers in the UK, plus the University of Buckingham, which is a privately funded institution, but excluding The University of Wales (central functions). The 2013/14 HE-BCI data covers 161 HE providers (130 in England, 9 in Wales, 18 in Scotland and 4 in Northern Ireland).
  3. The Higher Education Business and Community Interaction Survey (HE-BCI) is the main vehicle for measuring the volume and direction of interactions between UK higher education providers and business and the wider community. The survey collects information on the infrastructure, capacity and strategy of providers, and also numeric and financial data regarding third stream activity (that is, activities concerned with the generation, use, application and exploitation of knowledge and other university capabilities outside academic environments, and distinct from core activities of teaching and research).
  4. In tables where comparisons are made between HESA HE-BCI survey figures for the latest financial year 2013/14 and the previous financial year 2012/13, the figures for the previous financial year are those reported in the 2013/14 HE-BCI return.
  5. Some variations in the data between years may be due to availability of information from independent spin-off and start-up companies, and changes in providers’ reporting practices.
  6. The survey has collected data for each academic year from 1999/2000, with HESA undertaking the survey since 2008/09. From 1999/2000 to 2007/08 the survey was undertaken, and its results published, by HEFCE.
  7. The data in this release relates to all UK HE institutions. Figures for the individual nations of the UK are available in the Annex below: EnglandWalesScotlandNorthern Ireland.
  8. Further headline survey results are published here.
  9. HESA cannot accept responsibility for any inferences or conclusions derived from the data by third parties.
  10. For definitions of the terms used in this press release please see our Definitions page.

Annex - equivalent tables for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

England

England HE providers - Number of new spin-off companies 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 89 90
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 16 17
Staff start-ups 38 48
Graduate start-ups 3,061 4,084
Social enterprises 14 160
Total 3,218 4,399
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
England HE providers - Total number of active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 762 768
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 114 98
Staff start-ups 317 337
Graduate start-ups 6,859 8,532
Social enterprises 19 215
Total 8,071 9,950
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
England HE providers - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14 (FTE)
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 7,605 8,052
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 7,547 1,290
Staff start-ups 892 994
Graduate start-ups 13,109 16,073
Social enterprises 159 375
Total 29,312 26,784
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Business and community income sources of England HE providers 2012/13 and 2013/14 (£ thousands)
Source 2012/13 2013/14
Collaborative research involving public funding 717,906 881,464
Contract research 981,560 1,042,797
Consultancy contracts 325,587 358,722
Facilities and equipment related services 122,128 141,260
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 551,788 576,246
Regeneration and development programmes 103,740 114,590
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 70,271 112,210
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14

Wales

Wales HE providers - Number of new spin-off companies 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 13 21
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 2 0
Staff start-ups 6 11
Graduate start-ups 240 336
Social enterprises 0 5
Total 261 373
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Wales HE providers - Total number of active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 90 102
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 49 33
Staff start-ups 60 70
Graduate start-ups 873 996
Social enterprises 0 8
Total 1,072 1,209
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Wales HE providers - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14 (FTE)
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 459 501
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 293 238
Staff start-ups 442 364
Graduate start-ups 1,618 1,653
Social enterprises 0 6
Total 2,812 2,762
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Business and community income sources of Wales HE providers 2012/13 and 2013/14 (£ thousands)
Source 2012/13 2013/14
Collaborative research involving public funding 70,006 83,135
Contract research 27,501 26,731
Consultancy contracts 16,394 14,968
Facilities and equipment related services 1,359 1,001
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 29,797 29,566
Regeneration and development programmes 41,193 44,290
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 2,029 1,208
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14

Scotland

Scotland HE providers - Number of new spin-off companies 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 20 13
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 6 0
Staff start-ups 20 9
Graduate start-ups 140 181
Social enterprises 0 4
Total 186 207
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Scotland HE providers - Total number of active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 219 160
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 36 32
Staff start-ups 54 57
Graduate start-ups 431 433
Social enterprises 0 6
Total 740 688
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Scotland HE providers - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14 (FTE)
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 1,675 1,808
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 2,562 1,990
Staff start-ups 266 259
Graduate start-ups 730 829
Social enterprises 0 7
Total 5,233 4,893
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Business and community income sources of Scotland HE providers 2012/13 and 2013/14 (£ thousands)
Source 2012/13 2013/14
Collaborative research involving public funding 145,033 149,584
Contract research 109,157 104,067
Consultancy contracts 58,144 59,071
Facilities and equipment related services 13,505 14,665
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 66,797 67,828
Regeneration and development programmes 11,684 9,705
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 6,330 6,705
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland HE providers - Number of new spin-off companies 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 8 6
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 0 0
Staff start-ups 0 0
Graduate start-ups 0 2
Social enterprises 0 0
Total 8 8
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Northern Ireland HE providers - Total number of active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 50 51
Formal spin-offs, not provider owned 10 11
Staff start-ups 0 0
Graduate start-ups 0 2
Social enterprises 0 0
Total 60 64
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Northern Ireland HE providers - Estimated current employment of all active firms 2012/13 and 2013/14 (FTE)
Type 2012/13 2013/14
Spin-offs with some provider ownership 1,147 997
Formal spin-offs, not HEP owned 367 776
Staff start-ups 0 0
Graduate start-ups 0 5
Social enterprises 0 0
Total 1,514 1,778
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
Business and community income sources of Northern Ireland HE providers 2012/13 and 2013/14 (£ thousands)
Source 2012/13 2013/14
Collaborative research involving public funding 30,082 29,696
Contract research 19,682 19,660
Consultancy contracts 8,030 9,097
Facilities and equipment related services 6,012 6,000
Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Continuing Education courses 5,019 5,436
Regeneration and development programmes 15,554 12,021
Intellectual Property (including sale of shares in spin-offs) 8,019 10,994
Source: HE-BCI Survey 2013/14
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