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Performance Indicators - Employment of graduates 2008/09

The second set of Performance Indicators in Higher Education in the UK 2008/09 is published today.

The indicators for each UK HE institution are available from the HESA website:

  • Graduate employment rate by institution
  • Research output of institutions.

Summary tables showing statistics for the whole UK, with previous years' data for comparison, are available here (graduate employment tables are at the end of the summary).

New for 2008/09: Employment rates for part-time and other undergraduate qualifiers

Previous Performance Indicators have been restricted to full-time first degree qualifiers. The coverage of the indicators has been expanded this year to include four types of qualifiers:

  • Table E1a - Full-time first degree
  • Table E1b - Part-time first degree
  • Table E1c - Full-time other undergraduate
  • Table E1d - Part-time other undergraduate.

Table E1a remains comparable with previous years' performance indicators.

About the Performance Indicators

Following the recommendations of the National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education, the Government asked the four UK higher education funding bodies (HEFCE, HEFCW, SFC and DEL(NI)) to develop suitable indicators and benchmarks of performance in the higher education sector. The Performance Indicators Steering Group (PISG) was established, with membership drawn from government departments, the funding councils and representative bodies. PISG defines the specification and develops the Performance Indicators. They are calculated and published on their behalf by the Higher Education Statistics Agency.

The indicators are designed to provide reliable information on the nature and performance of the higher education sector in the UK and constitute a consistent set of measures of this performance. This will contribute to a greater public accountability by the sector, as well as ensuring that policy decisions can be made on the basis of consistent and reliable information.

The Performance Indicators are published in two tranches. The first tranche of indicators, published on 15 April 2010, covers the following areas:

  • Widening participation indicators, that is, the proportion of entrants from various under-represented groups such as state schools or colleges, specified socio-economic classes and low-participation neighbourhoods
  • Students who are in receipt of Disabled Students' Allowance (DSA)
  • Non-continuation rates of students at institutions
  • Module completion rates for part-time students at Welsh institutions.

The second tranche of Performance Indicators, published on 15 July 2010 covers the following areas:

  • Research output, looking at PhDs awarded, research grants obtained, academic staff costs and quality related research funding
  • Employment of graduates - the percentage of graduates in employment or further study.

What are the benchmarks?

Most of the areas above show an indicator for each institution and a benchmark. The indicator shows how well the institution performed. The benchmark is more complicated however.

Because there are differences in the characteristics of institutions, average values for the whole of the higher education sector are not necessarily helpful when comparing HEIs. Therefore a set of benchmark values are calculated. These are adjusted for each institution to consider some of the factors which contribute to the differences between them. The adjustments take into account subject mix offered, age profile of students and qualifications of students on entry.

The benchmark can be used in two ways:

  • To see how well an HEI is performing compared to the HE sector as a whole.
  • To decide whether it is meaningful to compare two institutions - for example it probably isn't worth comparing a specialist art college with a large university offering a wide range of subjects.

The benchmarks are not government targets or quotas. However, some institutions do choose to refer to them as measures of their performance within their agreements with the Office for Fair Access (OFFA).

For more information on benchmarks please see the Guide to PIs accompanying the Performance Indicators.

About the Higher Education Statistics Agency

HESA was set-up in 1993 following a Government White Paper ‘Higher Education: A New Framework', which called for more coherence in higher education statistics. HESA is not a government body, it is however a sector agency, working on behalf of the higher education institutions and sector bodies in the whole of the UK to meet the needs of the sector itself and to enhance and support the work of the government departments and funding bodies in each administration.

HESA is a Company Limited by Guarantee, whose Members, the owners of the company, are the representative bodies Universities UK and GuildHE. HESA is now the central source for higher education statistics and has standardised and streamlined the data collection and publication process to become a respected point of reference.

Notes for editors

General enquiries should be directed to:

Enquiries regarding how the Performance Indicators are defined and specified and widening participation policy should be addressed to PISG via the HEFCE Press Office telephone 0117 931 7363/7431.

Full text and tables of the second tranche of Performance Indicators in Higher Education in the UK 2008/09 can be found on the HESA website from Thursday 15 July 2010 from 09:30. As in previous years, the indicators are set out in separate tables. Not all higher education institutions feature in every table. Performance Indicators prior to 2002/03 have been published by the Higher Education Funding Council for England and are available at


Press Release

Press Officer