Student 2018/19 - Mode of study
Fields required from institutions in All fields
Mode of study
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This field indicates the method by which a student is being taught their course.
|Applicable to||England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales|
|Valid entries and labels|
Where a student has changed their mode of study within the reporting period, the record should show the current or latest position.
With reference to code 01, the funding councils have agreed that a common definition of full-time is that course years must involve a minimum of 24 weeks study (note that this definition does not apply to full-time final year students in providers in Wales). Each funding council may also have further additional conditions. HESA will apply the 24 week rule to its definition of full-time in publications i.e. full-time will be all those students coded 01 in this field, together with all those students coded 02 and whose expected length of study (fields Instance.SPLENGTH and Instance.UNITLGTH) is 24 weeks or more.
With reference to codes 23 and 24, these programmes are covered by the definition of sandwich under the award regulations as set out by the funding council (or in the Student Support Regulations for providers in England). Years of instance must involve a minimum of 24 weeks study/placement. HESA's definition of sandwich students will be all those students coded 23 or 24 in this field, together with all those students coded 25 and whose expected length of study (fields Instance.SPLENGTH and Instance.UNITLGTH) is 24 weeks or more.
Code 23, Thick sandwich students are those for which an industrial (or other) placement causes a continuous absence from full-time study of at least one academic year. A record must be returned for every student enrolled on a sandwich course irrespective of whether they are in attendance at the provider or engaged in industrial (or other) training. Students should be coded as sandwich for every year of the course and not just those in which industrial (or other) experience takes place. The students who are actually out on placement can be identified via Instance.LOCSDY.
Instance.LOCSDY valid entries (students in UK):
Instance.LOCSDY valid entries (students abroad):
Code 24, A thin sandwich must involve the student in an average of more than 21 hours study a week for a minimum of 24 weeks study/placement.
Code 25 should be used where students still meet the definition of being on a sandwich course but study less than 21 hours a week for 24 weeks study/placement.
Students who meet the definition of sandwich should be coded as either 23, 24 or 25 irrespective of whether the year is spent abroad or whether it is optional/compulsory. Students who undertake an ERASMUS+ placement as part of their sandwich course, should remain coded as either code 23, 24 or 25 during that placement.
Students who are actively writing-up are not considered to be dormant by HESA. A record is required for such students, with this field coded as 43 or 44 'Writing-up'. 'Writing-up' is generally associated with research students. Students on taught masters courses should not typically have their mode of study changed to 'writing-up', at least within the registration period, for example students on a one year taught masters course should be shown as full-time mode for both the taught and the dissertation phases of the course. Any change to show mode as writing-up would be expected only after the completion of the 12 month registration period.
Code 31 Part-time, can only be used by providers in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Codes 38 and 39 can only be used by providers in Scotland.
Code 51 should be used for students on sabbatical years e.g. holding Student Union office.
Codes 52 'Optional year out - study related' and 53 'Compulsory year out - study related' have been removed for 2013/14. Students who would previously have been coded as 52 or 53 will repeat the previous year's Instance.MODE if they take a study year out (i.e. remain as full-time or part-time etc.)
Years out for any other reason should be coded 63 or 64, Dormant.
Dormant codes 63 and 64 can be used only if the student was not actively studying at any time during the reporting period.
Any students with a mode of study 63 or 64 will be excluded from the HESA standard registration population used for analysis purposes. A record is not required for such students other than:
Dormant instances may either be returned via a full record or through a reduced record for students - see dormant students reduced record.
Codes 73 and 74 are available to postgraduate students (i.e. Course.COURSEAIM begins D, E, L or M (excluding M22, M26 and M28)) at providers in England only. Postgraduate students who become dormant part way through the reporting year will need a full HESA record reflecting their current status as code 73 or 74. Postgraduate Research students who submit their thesis from an active mode and do not go into an additional writing up period should be coded as Instance.MODE 73/74. If the end date is in the next reporting period, the student would then be returned on a dormant mode (Instance.MODE 63/64) to close the instance. Instance.MCDATE will record the date when the postgraduate student formally moves from an active study mode to 'dormant'. Instance.STULOAD should be reduced to reflect the fact that the student was not active for a proportion of the reporting period.
Where a postgraduate student moves from a 'writing-up' or 'sabbatical' mode (codes 43, 44 or 51) to dormant, within the reporting period, Instance.MODE should not be updated, nor should Instance.MCDATE be completed. For the purpose of Instance.MCDATE the modes 'writing-up' and 'sabbatical' are classed as non-active.
All other students who become dormant part way through the reporting year (that is, all students at providers in Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland and Undergraduate and FE students at providers in England) will need a full HESA record in the data collection reflecting their status whilst active (i.e. the position that applied just before they became dormant). This field should record their mode of study whilst active (and not code 63 or 64 'Dormant' which should only be used for students who are dormant for the whole reporting period). Instance.STULOAD should be reduced to reflect the fact that the student was not active for the whole reporting period. A student who was actively studying at some time during the reporting period but who has now suspended studies will have an active mode of study and will be identified through Instance.NOTACT.
However students involved in re-sits after the completion of the taught or structured part of their course should not have their mode of study up-dated. For example a full-time student who finishes the courses in June but has to take resits in September should not be re-coded.
FE students at providers in England must use code 99 'FE students in England'.
Codes 12-14, 33-36 and 65 are for use by providers in Wales only.
The use of the specific FE full-time codes 12 to 14 is compulsory for all students at providers in Wales who are following programmes of study at FE level or funded by WG-DfES.
The use of the specific FE part-time codes 33 to 36 is for students who are following programmes of study at FE level or funded by WG-DfES. Other part-time FE instances can use either the generic part-time code 31 or one of the specific part-time codes 33 to 36.
When using the specific FE part-time codes, if there is uncertainty about whether a student is released from employment, code 34, 'Part-time, not-released from employment' should be used.
Code 36 is only applicable for open or distance learning FE students at providers in Wales. All other distance learning students should be coded according to their individual mode/pattern of study, e.g. full-time or part-time.
Part-time FE courses/programmes of study which involve a mixture of day and evening attendance should be recorded under whichever code is most appropriate, e.g. a day release course which also involves evening attendance should be coded 33. 'Twilight only' courses should be counted as 'evening only'.
Apprenticeship Standards qualifications comprise a number of component aims accompanied by a 'wrapper' programme aim. Each component aim is a qualification aim in its own right, and should be coded using the standard range of modes. The programme aim, however, is not associated with a single qualification and thus a mode of study. Code 98 'Mode not applicable' must only be used for these programme aims.
For ILR generation purposes it is a requirement to include the programme aim and all the associated component aims, even if the component aims are completed and closed. These can be returned as dormant (code 63 or 64) in Instance.MODE for validation purposes.Left within two weeks, but SLC confirmed attendance
If a student has left within two weeks but had confirmed attendance with the SLC then the Mode should be recorded in accordance with what was planned. For example, if they were due to study full-time for the year, then they should have a Mode = 01.
Quality rules relating to this entity are displayed here.
|Reason required||To allow standard populations to be defined and financial calculations to be made|
Data type: MODECodeContentType
|Change management notes||Guidance added regarding Code 25, which should be used where students still meet the definition of being on a sandwich course but study less than 21 hours a week for 24 weeks study/placement.|
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