Alternative Provider notes (2015/16 publication)
◊ 63 Alternative Providers (APs) submitted data to HESA through the AP Student Record in 2014/15. Of these, three providers did not provide data in 2015/16, one provider's students were wholly franchised in 2014/15 and two providers merged, therefore 58 of the APs who submitted in 2014/15 are covered in the widening participation and non-continuation UK Performance Indicators Experimental Statistics, see Providers mergers and changes document for details. Data submitted by APs to HESA in 2014/15 include students registered at alternative providers in England with specific course designation, see AP coverage document for details:
- 10019746 ABI College Limited
- 10000248 Academy of Live and Recorded Arts
- 10000080 Access to Music Limited
- 10000381 Arts Educational School
- 10037544 BIMM Limited*
- 10031982 BPP University
- 10028216 Brit College
- 10001386 Chicken Shed Theatre Company
- 10018361 City of London College
- 10002113 East End Computing and Business College Limited
- 10022047 Empire College London Limited
- 10008229 EThames Graduate School Limited
- 10033187 Fairfield School of Business Ltd
- 10038763 ForMission Ltd
- 10022087 Futureworks*
- 10002735 Grafton College
- 10007937 GSM London
- 10003239 ICON College of Technology and Management
- 10035638 Institute of Contemporary Music Performance
- 10003566 Kensington College of Business
- 10013109 London Bridge Business Academy
- 10004006 London Centre of Contemporary Music
- 10030391 London Churchill College Ltd
- 10032594 London School of Academics Ltd
- 10004060 London School of Business and Finance (UK) Limited
- 10004061 London School of Business and Management
- 10022285 London School of Management Education
- 10008362 London School of Science and Technology Limited
- 10004075 London School of Theology
- 10004079 London Studio Centre
- 10020416 Mattersey Hall
- 10045476 Met Film School Limited
- 10023777 Mont Rose College of Management and Sciences
- 10023454 Moorlands College
- 10004450 Mountview Academy of Theatre Arts
- 10004538 Nazarene Theological College
- 10030129 Nelson College London Ltd
- 10008397 Norland College
- 10004740 Northern College of Acupuncture
- 10042570 Pearson College
- 10008455 Regent College
- 10021100 Regents Theological College
- 10003331 Regent's University London
- 10005470 Richmond, The American International University in London
- 10005544 Royal Academy of Dance
- 10007839 SAE Education Limited
- 10005916 Slough Borough Council
- 10030776 St Mellitus College
- 10006243 St Patrick's International College*
- 10022944 Stratford College London Limited
- 10013357 The Academy of Contemporary Music
- 10010213 The City College
- 10001546 The College of Integrated Chinese Medicine
- 10015506 The London College UCK
- 10008289 The London Institute of Banking and Finance
- 10039956 The University of Law
- 10037822 Tottenham Hotspur Foundation
- 10022021 UK College of Business and Computing
- 10023290 West London College of Business and Management Sciences Limited
*Due to late designation, St Patrick's International College did not have many students who satisfied the entrant criteria in 2014/15.
*The students at Futureworks were wholly franchised in 2014/15, so do not have entrants in 2014/15.
*Brighton Institute of Modern Music merged with Tech Music Schools and resulted in the name change BIMM Limited.
◊◊ The following 38 APs started returning data to HESA from 2015/16 and are included within the widening participation UK Performance Experimental statistics, but do not have sufficient data to be included within the non-continuation indicators.
- 10008071 AA School of Architecture
- 10000216 All Nations Christian College
- 10041898 Apex College London
- 10005451 Arden University
- 10000894 Bristol Baptist College
- 10010308 Cambridge Arts and Sciences Limited
- 10001419 Christie's Education Limited
- 10039082 City and Guilds of London Art School
- 10007912 Cliff College
- 10034324 Court Theatre Training Company Ltd
- 10023445 ICOM
- 10009527 Istituto Marangoni Limited
- 10021682 Kaplan Open Learning
- 10008325 KLC School of Design
- 10009285 Kogan Academy of Dramatic Arts
- 10041974 London College of Business Sciences
- 10009612 Luther King House Educational Trust
- 10023453 Matrix College of Counselling and Psychotherapy Ltd
- 10004365 Millennium Performing Arts Ltd
- 10048199 New College of the Humanities
- 10023130 Nova College of Accounting and Business Ltd
- 10010227 Oak Hill College
- 10004879 Open College of the Arts
- 10020439 Oxford Business College
- 10019178 Point Blank Music College
- 10006093 Spurgeon's College
- 10045289 St Nicholas Montessori Training Limited
- 10032072 The Cambridge Theological Federation
- 10029682 The Islamic College
- 10023452 The Markfield Institute of Higher Education
- 10004320 The Metanoia Institute
- 10032282 The Queen's Foundation for Ecumenical Theological Education
- 10021256 The Salvation Army
- 10053279 The Sherwood Institute
- 10023464 Trinity College Bristol
- 10008173 University College of Estate Management
- 10007361 Waverley Abbey College
- 10032288 West Dean College
Disabled students' allowance
The Open University under-reported the number of students in receipt of DSA in England and Wales in 2014/15. This is due to changes in the administration arrangements for DSA awards in 2014/15 which resulted in information not being available for all students in receipt of an award. They estimate that the return undercounts students in receipt of DSA in England and Wales by c.370 awards and 34 awards, respectively (applicable to table T7).
Disabled students' allowance (2015/16 and 2016/17 publication)
Changes to the Disabled Student Allowances administered through Student Finance England took effect in the academic years 2015/16 and 2016/17. These changes rebalanced responsibility for supporting disabled students, with HEPs providing certain aspects of disability related support previously funded via the DSAs, including funding to support specialist equipment and accommodation costs. Further details have been published on the changes to DSA. As a result of these changes, the Performance Indicator reported in Table T7 - Participation of UK domiciled students in higher education who are in receipt of Disabled Students' Allowance for the 2016/17 cohort is not consistent with previous years. See changes document for more details (applicable to table T7).
Employment (2011/12 publication onwards)
In 2011/12, the questions on the Destinations of Leavers from HE (DLHE) questionnaire were modified and as a result, the concept of activity was redefined for use in HESA publications. The DLHE population was also extended to include leavers with additional qualifications. Both of these factors had an impact on the employment indicators making data prior to 2011/12 not comparable with data from 2011/12 onwards; see the changes document for more details (applicable to table E1).
Employment (2015/16 publication)
The University of Surrey made an error in the student data causing 186 nursing students to be omitted from the DLHE return which will have affected the indicator (applicable to table E1a).
Due to changes in system processes resulting from the merger between University College London and Institute of Education, the number of students in the full-time other undergraduate category who have been surveyed for the DLHE is much lower than in the previous year. The full set of students will be surveyed in future years.
General Performance Indicators suppressions
Due to the provisions of the Data Protection Act 1998 HESA implements a strategy in published and released tabulations designed to prevent the disclosure of personal information about any individual. This strategy involves rounding all numbers to the nearest multiple of 5 and suppressing percentages and averages based on small populations.
HESA Services Standard Rounding Methodology:
- All numbers are rounded to the nearest multiple of 5
- Any number lower than 2.5 is rounded to 0
- Halves are always rounded upwards (e.g. 2.5 is rounded to 5)
- Percentages based on fewer than 22.5 individuals are suppressed
- Averages based on 7 or fewer individuals are suppressed
- The above requirements apply to headcounts, FPE and FTE data
- Financial data is not rounded
Total figures are also subject to this rounding methodology after calculation; so the sum of numbers in each row or column may not match the total shown. Suppressed values are normally represented as '..' in published tables (prior to 2006/07 these were represented as a blank value within the UK Performance Indicators.
Note: The suppression level within the UK Performance Indicators changed from 20 to 22.5 in 2011/12.
From 2011/12, data within the employment indicators have been suppressed and represented as a blank cell where the response rate for a HE provider is less than 85 per cent of the target response rate (68.0% for table E1a, 59.5% for tables E1b-E1d). Data for these HE providers have been excluded from all indicator and benchmark calculations. In 2010/11, data for HE providers in table E1 have been suppressed where response rates to the destinations of leavers survey was considered to be sufficiently low that their data may not be comparable with other HE providers.
From 2012/13, where data for a HE provider has been suppressed, they have been removed from all totals and benchmark calculations, see PITG paper 13/01. Also from 2012/13, in the event that a HE provider's data contains more than 50 per cent unknown values within the benchmarking factors, the benchmark has been suppressed and represented as a blank cell. This data has, however, been retained and included in totals and benchmark calculations for the rest of the sector. See PITG paper 13/03 and PITG minutes, 28 February 2013.
Low participation (2005/06 publication onwards)
The low participation measure used in Tables T1, T2 and T3b is based on a UK-wide classification of areas into participation bands. From 2011/12 it uses the POLAR3 methodology which is based on a similar method to POLAR2 but uses more up to date information. As these two methods are not strictly comparable, the 2009/10 to 2013/14 indicators have been produced using both POLAR2 and POLAR3 to provide time series information. The POLAR2 data was no longer published as part of the UK Performance Indicators from 2014/15. The POLAR3 data was updated in July 2015 and this updated version was used in the creation of the Performance Indicators from 2014/15. The updated version includes new postcodes which have been added in the UK in recent times. More information on the POLAR methodologies can be found in the definitions document.
The relatively high (in UK terms) participation rate in Scotland coupled with the very high proportion of HE that occurs in FE colleges means that the figures for Scottish HE providers could, when viewed in isolation, misrepresent their contribution to widening participation. Therefore, low participation data has not been produced for HE providers in Scotland from 2007/08 (applicable to main tables T1, T2, T3b and supplementary tables SP3, SP6, SP7) and only for supplementary table SP1, for Scottish-domiciled students.
The Scottish Funding Council (SFC) produce their own indicators relating to young full-time Scottish domiciled undergraduate entrants, showing proportions from the most deprived datazones and also from social classes NS-SEC 4-7. These measures are produced and published independently of ‘Performance Indicators in HE in the UK’. The Performance Indicators Steering Group bears no responsibility for the SFC measures but has recognised that they may provide some contextual information for interested readers. The measures are available from the SFC website.
Prior to 2005/06 (T1a only) and 2006/07 (T1b-T1c), the low participation indicator was based on Super Profiles low participation, more details on the change in methodology between Super Profiles and POLAR can be found in changes to the postcode indicator.
National centre (2014/15 publication onwards)
A notable change from the 2014/15 UK Performance Indicators is the allocation of The Open University (OU) students to England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Previously all OU enrolments and qualifications were counted within England, where the OU has its administrative centre. From this release onwards enrolments and qualifications registered at one of the OU’s national centres in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland will contribute to the totals of those countries where statistics are shown by country of HE provider.
For tables which include part-time students, a total row has been provided for the OU which has been produced consistently with previous published versions. Total rows for the OU will be produced for 3 years to enable the continuation of time series. From the 2019 publication, the OU will only be shown under the national centres.
National Statistics - Socio-Economic Classification
For the 2001 census, a new classification, National Statistics - Socio-Economic Classification (NS-SEC), was developed to replace Social Class. It took into account new work patterns in the UK and the changes in education levels required for, and the status of, large numbers of occupations. This new classification was used for the social class Performance Indicator from 2002/03 and called the SEC indicator. More details on the differences between SEC and social class can be found in changes between 2001/02 and 2002/03.
For the 2008/09 academic year, UCAS changed the question that informs NS-SEC for the majority of applicants. The question reverted back to the original wording for 2009/10 applicants.
For applicants up to and including the 2007/08 academic year and for the 2009/10 academic year, UCAS asked:
"If you are under 21, please give the occupation of your parent, step-parent or guardian who earns the most. If he or she is retired or unemployed, give their most recent occupation. If you are 21 or over, please give your own occupation."
For applicants for 2008/09 entry, the question changed to:
"If you are in full-time education, please state the occupation of the highest-earning family member of the household in which you live. If he or she is retired or unemployed, give their most recent occupation. If you are not in full-time education, please state just your own occupation."
The change in question between 2007/08 and 2008/09 had an impact on the NS-SEC indicators, causing the proportion of students classified as ‘unknown' and those classified as falling into NS-SEC groups 4 to 7 to rise. Given these differences and the lack of any significant external changes to the system, it is safe to conclude that the change in question means that the NS-SEC data for 2008/09 is not comparable with that published previously and as a result, the 2008/09 NS-SEC data was published separately in tables T1ai, T1bi and T1ci and labelled as age-adjusted NS-SEC.
Although the question reverted back in 2009/10, there may still be a slight impact on the NS-SEC indicators resulting from applicants who applied using the 2008/09 form, but deferred entry until 2009/10. However, the 2009/10 data will be more comparable with that published up until 2007/08 than with the 2008/09 data. Therefore, NS-SEC time series data published within the summary excludes data for 2008/09.
The NS-SEC indicators will not be published in 2017 and subsequent publications of the UK Performance Indicators. For more details, please refer to the section on widening participation of under-represented groups.
Non-continuation notes (2012/13 publication)
From 1 August 2012, the University of Huddersfield's campus at Oldham (including the majority of its students) were transferred to Oldham College. This means that the majority of students returned as studying at the Oldham Campus in 2011/12 were shown as transferring to another institution in 2012/13. This may have an impact on the non-continuation UK performance indicators with the completion rates for students at the campus (and the University overall) showing a decrease in the proportion of those continuing or qualifying at the same HE provider.
The non-continuation following year of entry data from London South Bank University was suppressed in table T3 in the 2011/12 publication as the University was unable to record activity of students on a number of courses. As a result, their data have been excluded from table T4 in the 2012/13 publication (applicable to table series T4).
The data for Birkbeck College relating to projected outcomes in Table T5 has been suppressed in 2012/13 as the provision is relatively new and hence there are insufficient students in each year to inform a robust projection (applicable to table T5).
Leeds College of Art transferred to the HE sector in 2011/12. There is currently insufficient data on the HESA record to inform transitions and therefore data in T5 has been suppressed in 2012/13 (applicable to table T5).
The non-continuation rates for the University of Brighton have been overstated due to incorrect coding of a cohort as aiming for a first degree (applicable to table T3e).
Non-continuation notes (2013/14 publication)
From 1 August 2013, the University of Huddersfield campus at Barnsley (including the majority of its students), were transferred to Barnsley College. This means that the majority of students returned as studying at the Barnsley Campus in 2012/13 were shown as transferring to another HE provider in 2013/14. This is likely to have an impact on the non-continuation UK performance indicators with the completion rates for students at the campus (and the university overall) showing a decrease in the proportion of those continuing or qualifying at the same HE provider.
The data for Birkbeck College and Institute of Education relating to projected outcomes in Table T5 have been suppressed in 2013/14 as the provision is relatively new and hence there are insufficient students in each year to inform a robust projection (applicable to table T5).
Leeds College of Art transferred to the HE sector in 2011/12. There is currently insufficient data on the HESA record to inform transitions and therefore data in T5 have been suppressed in 2013/14 (applicable to table T5).
The University of Exeter’s Dentistry students were transferred to Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry in 2012/13. Both tables T3a and T3c of the UK Performance Indicators show an unusually high number of mature students transferring institution from the University of Exeter. This refers to these Dentistry students (who due to the graduate entry nature of the course are very likely to be mature i.e. over 21 on entry), who transferred to Plymouth as part of the separation of the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry (applicable to tables T3a, T3c).
The proportion of students transferring between HE providers is inflated for Queen Mary University of London due to the formal transfer of a cohort of 20 students taught at the University of London Institute in Paris from Queen Mary University of London to Royal Holloway (applicable to table T3a-T3c, T5).
Data for the University of Plymouth has been suppressed due to the transfer of 50 students to City of Bristol College who are not included in the transfer figures as City of Bristol College is not within the UK Performance Indicators (applicable to table T3d).
The proportion of students transferring between HE providers is inflated for the University of Liverpool due to the formal transfer of a cohort of 50 students taught at Lancaster University from the University of Liverpool to Lancaster University (applicable to table T3a-T3c, T5).
Data for The University of Brighton has been suppressed due to the incorrect coding of a group of students on courses delivered at a partner college as dormant, rather than having successfully completed (applicable to table T3d).
Non-continuation notes (2014/15 publication)
Data for the University of Brighton have been suppressed in table T3d in the 2014/15 publication due to the incorrect coding of qualification obtained for a group of students (applicable to table T3d).
Data for the University of Plymouth was suppressed in table T3d in the 2013/14 publication due to the transfer of 50 students to City of Bristol College who are not included in the transfer figures as City of Bristol College are not within the UK Performance Indicators. As a result, their data has been excluded from table T4b in the 2014/15 publication (applicable to table T4b).
Data for the University of Brighton were suppressed in table T3d in the 2013/14 publication due to the incorrect coding of a group of students on courses delivered at a partner college as dormant, rather than having successfully completed. As a result, their data has been excluded from table T4b in the 2014/15 publication (applicable to table T4b).
Due to some students on first degree courses in 2013/14 being incorrectly recorded in 2014/15, the proportion with ‘not known’ outcome for the University of Stirling is higher than it should be. This in turn means that the other proportions will be lower than they should be (applicable to table T5).
Non-continuation notes (2015/16 publication)
Due to an error The University of Brighton did not return qualification information for approximately 10 mature entrants which has affected the table T3a and T3c indicators for those with previous higher education qualifications (applicable to tables T3a and T3c).
Data for the The University of Brighton was suppressed in table T3d in the 2014/15 publication due to the incorrect coding of qualification obtained for a group of students. As a result, their data has been excluded from table T4b in the 2015/16 publication (applicable to table T4b).
Due to a technical issue the The University of Strathclyde under-reported end dates in their 2014/15 student records. This means that some students who left before 1 December 2014 are included in the data leading to the percentages no longer in HE being higher than they should be. This impacts on table T3a and for mature entrants with previous HE qualifications on table T3c. For accurate figures please contact the University of Strathclyde directly ([email protected]) (applicable to tables T3a and T3c).
The figures include students whose provision is supported through additional places funded by the Scottish Funding Council to increase levels of articulation. The first year or two of the students’ studies is spent at a further education college. The level of non-continuation of such students can be noticeably different, usually higher, than those who start their studies at a university. The University of the West of Scotland was allocated the highest number of additional places, 200, for this scheme. In addition the University reported even more entrants to this scheme in 2014/15 to take account of previous students supported by these places who did not continue. Having these additional enrolments results in the percentage no longer in HE of all their UK domiciled full-time first degree entrants increasing from 15.4% to 15.8% (applicable to table T3a).
The continuation rate for Fairfield School of Business is slightly higher than presented in Table T3d. This is as a consequence of incorrect commencement data being submitted for a small number of undergraduate students (applicable to Experimental Statistics table T3d).
Non-continuation notes (2016/17 publication)
The proportion of students transferring to other Higher Education providers appears high for SRUC because the responsibility for running some of their provision transferred to another institution in 2016/17. Without this transfer the overall percentage transferring in table T3a would have been 0.4%, while the percentages for young and mature entrants would have been 0.5% and 0.0% respectively and the overall percentage transferring in table T3c would have been 0% (applicable to tables T3a and T3c).
The projected outcomes are not shown for SRUC as these are affected by the responsibility for running some of their provision transferring to another institution in 2016/17. Student progression between 2015/16 and 2016/17 is not typical and therefore not appropriate for projecting future outcomes (applicable to table T5).
Due to data coding issues relating to this indicator, Stranmillis University College has been excluded from this analysis (applicable to table T5).
Data for The University of Salford has been excluded from table T5 and is currently being investigated (applicable to table T5).
Due to an error The University of Brighton did not return qualification information for approximately 10 mature entrants which has affected the table T3a and T3c indicators for those with previous higher education qualifications. This has an impact on table T4a in 2016/17 (applicable to tables T4a).
Due to a technical issue the The University of Strathclyde under-reported end dates in their 2014/15 student records. This means that some students who left before 1 December 2014 are included in the data leading to the percentages no longer in HE being higher than they should be. This impacts on table T3a and for mature entrants with previous HE qualifications on table T3c. For accurate figures please contact the University of Strathclyde directly ([email protected]). This has an impact on table T4a in 2016/17 (applicable to tables T4a).
The figures include students whose provision is supported through additional places funded by the Scottish Funding Council to increase levels of articulation. The first year or two of the students’ studies is spent at a further education college. The level of non-continuation of such students can be noticeably different, usually higher, than those who start their studies at a university. The University of the West of Scotland was allocated the highest number of additional places, 200, for this scheme. In addition the University reported even more entrants to this scheme in 2014/15 to take account of previous students supported by these places who did not continue. Having these additional enrolments results in the percentage no longer in HE of all their UK domiciled full-time first degree entrants increasing from 15.4% to 15.8%. This has an impact on table T4a in 2016/7 (applicable to tables T4a).
State school indicator (2014/15 publication)
From 2014/15, for new entrants, the last provider attended field (PREVINST) must contain a valid UKPRN or a valid generic code (see the HESA coding manual for details), rather than the historic UCAS, department and HESA school codes. These have been mapped to school type and grouped up to form the state school marker where appropriate. Where an unknown or invalid PREVINST code has been supplied, these students have been excluded from the calculations of the state school indicator. Due to the changes in the coding frame there is likely to an impact on the quality of the school type data.
State school indicator (2016/17 publication)
Due to data coding issues relating to the state school indicator, Arden University have been excluded from this analysis (applicable to table series T1).