First destinations of higher education students in the United Kingdom for the academic year 1996/97
This Press Notice has been produced by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) in collaboration with Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) statisticians. It provides details of the first destinations of students obtaining higher education (HE) qualifications in higher education institutions (HEIs) in the whole of the United Kingdom (UK) during the academic year 1996/97. In addition, summary data from previous academic years from 1994/95 onwards are included for comparative purposes.
- Of the 264,300 former higher education students whose destination was known, 62% (164,500) reported their first destination as employment in 1997, compared with 61% in 1996. A further 19% (49,300) were continuing their education or training in 1997, compared with 20% in 1996. In addition, 6% (14,800) were assumed to be unemployed in 1997, compared with 7% in 1996.
- In 1997, of the 193,500 first degree graduates whose destination was known, 120,600 (62%) reported their first destination as employment, 36,900 (19%) were continuing their education or training and 12,400 (6%) were assumed to be unemployed.
- The percentage of students (of known destination) assumed to be unemployed among former postgraduates was 3% in 1997 compared with 4% in 1996 and for those who obtained undergraduate diplomas and certificates the percentage in 1997 was 4% compared with 5% in 1996.
- In 1997, 6% of males whose destinations were known were assumed to be unemployed compared with 5% of females.
- Of those whose destination was known, 59% (113,900) of first degree graduates found employment in the UK in 1997, compared with 58% in 1996. In 1997, 16% of these posts were classified as "Managers and Administrators", 30% as "Professional Occupations", 20% as "Associate Professional and Technical Occupations" and 16% as "Clerical and Secretarial Occupations".
Table 1 shows, for 1995-1997, the first destinations of full-time students obtaining HE qualifications at United Kingdom HEIs by level of qualification obtained. Table 1 also provides figures by gender for 1997.
Table 2 shows, for 1995-1997, the Standard Industrial Classification and the Standard Occupational Classification of the first destinations of full-time first degree graduates of United Kingdom HEIs entering employment in the United Kingdom. Table 2 also provides figures by subject area for 1997.
Notes on Tables
- The statistics in this Press Notice are derived from data collected from publicly funded higher education institutions in the UK by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). The statistics therefore include first destinations of students awarded HE qualifications at United Kingdom HEIs but exclude those relating to qualifications obtained at FE colleges, the University of Buckingham and at private and independent HE colleges.
- For 1994/95, the First Destination return included all those students obtaining relevant qualifications during the 10 month period 1 October 1994 to 31 July 1995. For subsequent years, the First Destination return includes all those students obtaining relevant qualifications reported to HESA for the reporting period 1 August to 31 July. Care should therefore be taken when making comparisons between data for 1994/95 and subsequent years.
- The number of qualifications awarded in 1997, as reported in PR20 and published on Friday 06 February, 1998, was adjusted to include under-reporting by four institutions. Corresponding adjustments are not included in the First Destination analyses presented in this Press Notice due to the nature of the First Destination return. In particular, the figures published in this Press Notice and in PR20 for the total number of First Degree awards made in 1996/97 will not be identical.
- A statistical reference volume ‘First Destinations of Students Leaving Higher Education Institutions 1996/97’ setting out more information about the first destinations of students qualifying at HEIs in the UK will be published by HESA in August 1998.
- Higher education students are those students on programmes of study that are of a standard that is higher than the Advanced Level of the General Certificate of Education, the Higher Grade of the Scottish Certificate of Education, or the BTEC or SCOTVEC National Certificate/Diploma.
- The HESA First Destination Target Population contains all higher education (HE) students for whom first destination data was sought. 83.2% of students for whom first destination information was sought had data returned to HESA by institutions. The HESA First Destination Target Population includes all students obtaining relevant qualifications (see 8 below) during the reporting period whose study was primarily full-time (see 10 below).
- The reference date of the First Destination return was 31 December. Institutions were asked to report the destinations of qualifiers which had been firmly determined by this date and which took effect not later than 31 March.
- Relevant qualifications for the 1994/95 First Destination return included postgraduate degrees, Postgraduate Certificates in Education (PGCE), first degrees (including intercalated first degrees), Diplomas of Higher Education, Certificates of Higher Education, Higher National Diplomas or Higher National Certificates. The relevant qualifications for subsequent First Destination returns include all those listed above (for 1994/95) with the exclusion of intercalated first degrees.
The First Destination survey does not cover students who have gained a number of other qualifications, examples of which include; postgraduate diplomas and certificates (other than PGCE), professional qualifications (for example; associate membership or membership of a body such as the Institute of Bankers), and undergraduate diplomas and certificates (other than HND, DipHE, HNC and CertHE).
- Level of Qualification Obtained
Postgraduate qualifications include doctorate degrees, masters degrees, higher bachelors degrees and PGCEs. In Table 1 doctorate degrees and PGCEs have been tabulated separately; masters degrees and higher bachelors degrees have been combined to form the category "Other Postgraduate Degrees".
First degrees include first degrees, first degrees with Qualified Teacher Status/registration with the General Teaching Council for Scotland, enhanced first degrees and first degrees obtained concurrently with a diploma. For 1994/95 only, intercalated first degrees are also included in the first degree category.
Undergraduate diplomas and certificates include all higher education qualifications not included above which are within the scope of the return.
- Full-time (for the purposes of the First Destination return) includes full-time and sandwich modes plus those students writing up theses.
- UK domiciled students are those normally resident in the United Kingdom, including those living in the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man.
- Duration of employment
Employment with termination date before 30 September includes all employment expected to terminate between the reference date of 31 December and 30 September.
UK Employment with an unknown employment termination date is not separately tabulated, but is included within the total UK Employment category.
There was a difference in coding behaviour of the field "Duration of employment" between 1995 and 1996, which resulted in significantly fewer students reported by institutions as having unknown duration of employment. Care should therefore be taken when making comparisons between 1995 and subsequent years.
- Location of main activity
Respondents to the HESA First Destination survey were asked to supply the location of their employment or education/training. Where this was unknown, a United Kingdom location has been assumed.
The category "Assumed to be unemployed" includes those students who gave their main activity as "Seeking employment or training" and "Looking for a job or course", or "No other activity" as their secondary activity.
In Table 1, students whose main activity was given as "Seeking employment or training" and who had employment, study or training as a secondary activity are included within the category "Others".
- The definitions of the symbols used in the tables are:
‘-’ non-zero, less than the least significant figure shown
- Press enquiries should be directed to Mark Nye, Press Officer at the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA), 95 Promenade, Cheltenham, GL50 1HZ; Tel: 01242 255577. General enquiries about HESA data contained within this Press Release should be addressed to Lai Chow, Research Officer, at the same address.
|Table 1 - First Destinations of Full-time Students Obtaining HE Qualifications by Level of Qualification Obtained and Gender, 1995-1997|
|Doctorate Degrees||Other Postgraduate Degrees||Postgraduate Certificates in Education||First Degrees||UG Diplomas / Certificates||Total||Percentage|
|UK Employment with termination date after 30 September/not fixed term||<> 1.1||3.6||6.3||40.0||4.5||55.5||40|
|UK Employment with termination date before 30 September||<> 0.2||0.5||2.0||13.3||0.5||16.6||12|
|Self employment in the UK||-||0.2||-||1.1||0.1||1.4||1|
|Overseas employment (UK-domiciled students)||0.2||0.3||0.2||2.3||0.1||3.0||2|
|Overseas employment (Overseas-domiciled students)||0.2||1.1||-||1.0||-||2.4||2|
|Education and training in the UK||0.1||1.2||0.1||19.5||4.0||24.8||18|
|Education and training overseas||-||0.2||-||0.7||-||0.9||1|
|Overseas graduates returning overseas (no other information available)||0.3||3.3||0.1||5.5||0.4||9.7||7|
|Not available for employment, study or training||0.1||0.2||0.2||4.5||0.2||5.2||4|
|Assumed to be unemployed||-||0.3||0.4||5.5||0.4||6.7||5|
|Total of known destination||2.4||11.4||10.5||101.7||11.4||137.3||84|
|UK Employment with termination date after 30 September/not fixed term||1.9||4.8||3.1||37.0||2.4||49.2||39|
|UK Employment with termination date before 30 September||0.3||0.5||0.8||8.5||0.3||10.4||8|
|<>||Self employment in the UK||0.1||0.3||-||1.6||0.1||2.1||2|
|Overseas employment (UK-domiciled students)||0.3||0.4||0.1||2.0||0.1||2.9||2|
|Overseas employment (Overseas-domiciled students)||0.7||2.2||-||1.4||0.1||4.4||3|
|Education and training in the UK||0.1||1.7||0.1||16.0||4.7||22.6||18|
|Education and training overseas||-||0.2||-||0.7||-||1.0||1|
|Overseas graduates returning overseas (no other information available)||0.9||4.8||-||7.7||0.4||13.8||11|
|Not available for employment, study or training||0.1||0.3||0.1||3.5||0.1||4.0||3|
|Assumed to be unemployed||0.1||0.5||0.3||6.8||0.5||8.1||6|
|Total of known destination||4.7||16.0||5.0||91.7||9.5||126.9||82|
|UK Employment with termination date after 30 September/not fixed term||3.1||8.4||9.4||77.0||6.9||104.7||40|
|UK Employment with termination date before 30 September||0.4||1.0||2.8||21.9||0.9||27.0||10|
|<>||Self employment in the UK||0.1||0.5||-||2.7||0.2||3.5||1|
|Overseas employment (UK-domiciled students)||0.5||0.7||0.3||4.3||0.1||5.8||2|
|Overseas employment (Overseas-domiciled students)||1.0||3.3||0.1||2.4||0.1||6.9||3|
|Education and training in the UK||0.2||3.0||0.1||35.5||8.7||47.5||18|
|Education and training overseas||-||0.4||-||1.4||-||1.8||1|
|Overseas graduates returning overseas (no other information available)||1.2||8.1||0.1||13.3||0.8||23.5||9|
|Not available for employment, study or training||0.1||0.5||0.3||8.0||0.4||9.2||3|
|Assumed to be unemployed||0.1||0.8||0.7||12.4||0.9||14.8||6|
|Total of known destination||7.1||27.4||15.4||193.5||20.9||264.3||83|
|UK Employment with termination date after 30 September/not fixed term||2.6||7.4||9.2||73.5||5.8||98.4||38|
|UK Employment with termination date before 30 September||0.5||1.0||2.7||22.8||0.8||27.7||11|
|Self employment in the UK||0.1||0.4||-||2.6||0.2||3.3||1|
|Overseas employment (UK-domiciled students)||0.5||0.6||0.3||4.4||0.1||5.9||2|
|Overseas employment (Overseas-domiciled students)||0.9||3.1||-||2.1||0.1||6.2||2|
|Education and training in the UK||0.2||2.9||0.2||36.2||8.8||48.3||19|
|Education and training overseas||-||0.5||-||1.4||-||2.0||1|
|Overseas graduates returning overseas (no other information available)||1.3||7.7||0.2||11.1||0.6||20.9||8|
|Not available for employment, study or training||0.1||0.5||0.3||8.2||0.4||9.5||4|
|Assumed to be unemployed||0.1||0.8||0.8||14.4||0.9||17.0||7|
|Total of known destination||6.7||25.9||15.1||190.3||19.0||256.9||83|
|UK Employment with termination date after 30 September/not fixed term||1.6||4.6||6.9||55.4||4.7||73.2||31|
|UK Employment with termination date before 30 September||0.3||0.6||2.7||22.9||1.1||27.6||12|
|Self employment in the UK||-||0.4||-||2.6||0.3||3.3||1|
|Overseas employment (UK-domiciled students)||0.4||0.5||0.3||4.2||0.1||5.5||2|
|Overseas employment (Overseas-domiciled students)||0.7||2.2||-||1.8||0.1||4.8||2|
|Education and training in the UK||0.1||2.1||0.1||35.5||8.9||46.7||20|
|Education and training overseas||-||0.4||-||1.4||0.1||2.0||1|
|Overseas graduates returning overseas (no other information available)||1.0||5.0||0.1||9.0||0.4||15.5||7|
|Not available for employment, study or training||0.1||0.3||0.2||7.1||0.3||8.0||3|
|Assumed to be unemployed||0.1||0.6||1.0||15.2||1.1||18.0||8|
|Total of known destination||5.0||18.3||14.3||177.5||19.2||234.3||81|
|(1) Includes those employed in the UK with unknown employment termination date.|
|(2) See note 12 in 'Definitions'.|
|(3) Includes those students whose main activity was given as "Seeking employment or training" and who had employment, study or training as a secondary activity.|
|Table 2 - SIC(1) and SOC(2) of the First Destinations of Full-time First Degree Graduates Entering Employment in the UK by Subject Area of Degree, 1995-1997|
|Medicine & Dentistry||Subjects Allied to Medicine||Biological Sciences||Veterinary Science||Agriculture & Related Subjects||Physical Sciences||Mathematical Sciences||Computer Science||Engineering & Technology||Architecture, Building & Planning||Social, Economic & Political Studies||Law||Business & Administrative Studies||Librarianship & Information Science||Languages||Humanities||Creative Arts & Design||Education||Combined||1997 Total||% in 1997||% in 1996||% in 1995|
|Standard Industrial Classification|
|Agriculture and Forestry||0.0||-||0.1||0.0||0.4||0.1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.7||1||1||0|
|Mining and Quarrying||-||-||-||0.0||-||0.1||-||-||0.3||-||-||-||0.1||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.7||1||0||1|
|Electricity, Gas and Water Supply||0.0||-||0.1||0.0||-||0.2||-||0.1||0.2||-||0.1||-||0.2||-||0.1||0.1||-||-||0.2||1.4||1||1||1|
|Wholesale and Retail Trade / Repair(3)||-||1.0||0.8||-||0.1||0.7||0.2||0.3||0.6||0.2||1.2||0.2||2.0||0.2||1.0||0.6||1.4||0.2||1.6||12.3||11||11||10|
|Hotels and Restaurants||-||0.1||0.3||0.0||-||0.2||-||-||0.1||-||0.4||0.1||0.9||0.1||0.3||0.2||0.3||0.1||0.5||3.7||3||4||3|
|Transport, Storage and Communication||-||-||0.2||0.0||-||0.3||0.1||0.4||0.5||0.1||0.5||0.1||1.1||0.1||0.5||0.2||0.2||0.1||0.7||5.0||4||4||4|
|Property Development, Renting, Business and Research Activities||-||0.2||1.2||0.0||0.2||1.4||0.7||2.5||2.5||1.6||2.1||0.7||3.5||0.4||1.6||0.8||1.3||0.2||2.7||23.4||21||19||22|
|Public Administration and Defence / Social Security||-||0.3||0.5||-||0.1||0.5||0.1||0.2||0.5||0.3||1.0||0.1||0.6||0.1||0.4||0.3||0.2||0.3||0.8||6.3||6||6||6|
|Health and Social Work||4.4||5.0||1.0||0.4||-||0.2||0.1||0.1||0.1||0.1||1.5||0.1||0.3||0.1||0.3||0.3||0.3||0.1||0.8||15.0||13||13||10|
|Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities||-||0.1||0.5||0.0||0.1||0.4||0.1||0.1||0.2||-||0.5||0.1||0.6||0.3||0.6||0.5||1.9||0.2||0.9||7.1||6||6||4|
|Private Households with Employed Persons||0.0||-||-||0.0||-||-||0.0||-||-||-||-||0.0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.1||0||0||0|
|International Organisations and Bodies||0.0||0.0||-||0.0||0.0||-||0.0||0.0||-||0.0||-||-||-||0.0||-||-||-||-||-||0.1||0||0||0|
|Standard Occupational Classification|
|Managers and Administrators||-||0.2||0.9||-||0.5||0.9||0.2||0.5||1.2||0.5||2.1||0.3||4.7||0.4||1.6||0.8||0.8||0.3||2.4||18.3||16||16||21|
|Associate Professional and Technical Occupations||-||4.7||1.3||-||0.1||1.2||0.4||2.5||1.4||0.9||1.6||0.3||1.5||0.5||0.9||0.5||3.2||0.2||2.0||23.3||20||19||21|
|Clerical and Secretarial Occupations||-||0.2||1.4||0.0||0.1||1.1||0.3||0.3||0.5||0.2||2.5||0.4||3.4||0.4||2.1||1.2||1.0||0.3||2.9||18.4||16||16||11|
|Craft and Related Occupations||0.0||-||-||0.0||-||0.1||-||0.1||0.3||0.1||0.1||-||0.1||-||-||-||0.3||-||0.1||1.3||1||1||1|
|Personal and Protective Service Occupations||-||0.1||0.7||0.0||0.1||0.3||-||0.1||0.2||0.1||0.8||0.1||0.4||0.1||0.4||0.4||0.5||0.2||0.8||5.3||5||5||4|
|Plant and Machine Operatives||-||-||0.1||0.0||-||0.1||-||-||0.1||-||0.1||-||0.1||-||-||0.1||0.1||-||0.1||0.9||1||1||1|
(1) Standard Industrial Classification.
(2) Standard Occupational Classification.
(3) Of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods.