Skip to main content

Standard Occupational Classification: SOC2020

SOC2020 will be adopted for the 2018/19 Graduate Outcomes survey and 2021/22 Unistats record.
The remaining HESA collections will adopt SOC2020 for the 2023/24 collections.

Major group   |   Sub-major group   |   Minor group   |   Unit group (four digit)

Major group

  • 1 Managers, directors and senior officials
  • 2 Professional occupations
  • 3 Associate professional occupations
  • 4 Administrative and secretarial occupations
  • 5 Skilled trades occupations
  • 6 Caring, leisure and other service occupations
  • 7 Sales and customer service occupations
  • 8 Process, plant and machine operatives
  • 9 Elementary occupations

Sub-major group

  • 11 Corporate managers and directors
  • 12 Other managers and proprietors
  • 21 Science, research, engineering and technology professionals
  • 22 Health professionals
  • 23 Teaching and other educational professionals
  • 24 Business, media and public service professionals
  • 31 Science, engineering and technology associate professionals
  • 32 Health and social care associate professionals
  • 33 Protective service occupations
  • 34 Culture, media and sports occupations
  • 35 Business and public service associate professionals
  • 41 Administrative occupations
  • 42 Secretarial and related occupations
  • 51 Skilled agricultural and related trades
  • 52 Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades
  • 53 Skilled construction and building trades
  • 54 Textiles, printing and other skilled trades
  • 61 Caring personal service occupations
  • 62 Leisure, travel and related personal service occupations
  • 63 Community and civil enforcement occupations
  • 71 Sales occupations
  • 72 Customer service occupations
  • 81 Process, plant and machine operatives
  • 82 Transport and mobile machine drivers and operatives
  • 91 Elementary trades and related occupations
  • 92 Elementary administration and service occupations

Minor group

  • 111 Chief Executives and Senior Officials
  • 112 Production Managers and Directors
  • 113 Functional Managers and Directors
  • 114 Directors in Logistics, Warehousing and Transport
  • 115 Managers and Directors in Retail and Wholesale
  • 116 Senior Officers in Protective Services
  • 117 Health and Social Services Managers and Directors
  • 121 Managers and Proprietors in Agriculture Related Services
  • 122 Managers and Proprietors in Hospitality and Leisure Services
  • 123 Managers and Proprietors in Health and Care Services
  • 124 Managers in Logistics, Warehousing and Transport
  • 125 Managers and Proprietors in Other Services
  • 211 Natural and Social Science Professionals
  • 212 Engineering Professionals
  • 213 Information Technology Professionals
  • 214 Web and Multimedia Design Professionals
  • 215 Conservation and Environment Professionals
  • 216 Research and Development (R&D) and Other Research Professionals
  • 221 Medical Practitioners
  • 222 Therapy Professionals
  • 223 Nursing Professionals
  • 224 Veterinarians
  • 225 Other Health Professionals
  • 231 Teaching Professionals
  • 232 Other Educational Professionals
  • 241 Legal Professionals
  • 242 Finance Professionals
  • 243 Business, Research and Administrative Professionals
  • 244 Business and Financial Project Management Professionals
  • 245 Architects, Chartered Architectural Technologists, Planning Officers, Surveyors and Construction Professionals
  • 246 Welfare Professionals
  • 247 Librarians and Related Professionals
  • 248 Quality and Regulatory Professionals
  • 249 Media Professionals
  • 311 Science, Engineering and Production Technicians
  • 312 CAD, Drawing and Architectural Technicians
  • 313 Information Technology Technicians
  • 321 Health Associate Professionals
  • 322 Welfare and Housing Associate Professionals
  • 323 Teaching and Childcare Associate Professionals
  • 324 Veterinary nurses
  • 331 Protective Service Occupations
  • 341 Artistic, Literary and Media Occupations
  • 342 Design Occupations
  • 343 Sports and Fitness Occupations
  • 351 Transport Associate Professionals
  • 352 Legal Associate Professionals
  • 353 Finance Associate Professionals
  • 354 Business Associate Professionals
  • 355 Sales, Marketing and Related Associate Professionals
  • 356 Public Services Associate Professionals
  • 357 HR, Training and Other Vocational Associate Guidance Professionals
  • 358 Regulatory Associate Professionals
  • 411 Administrative Occupations: Government and Related Organisations
  • 412 Administrative Occupations: Finance
  • 413 Administrative Occupations: Records
  • 414 Administrative Occupations: Office Managers and Supervisors
  • 415 Other Administrative Occupations
  • 421 Secretarial and Related Occupations
  • 511 Agricultural and Related Trades
  • 521 Metal Forming, Welding and Related Trades
  • 522 Metal Machining, Fitting and Instrument Making Trades
  • 523 Vehicle Trades
  • 524 Electrical and Electronic Trades
  • 525 Skilled Metal, Electrical and Electronic Trades Supervisors
  • 531 Construction and Building Trades
  • 532 Building Finishing Trades
  • 533 Construction and Building Trades Supervisors
  • 541 Textiles and Garments Trades
  • 542 Printing Trades
  • 543 Food Preparation and Hospitality Trades
  • 544 Other Skilled Trades
  • 611 Teaching and Childcare Support Occupations
  • 612 Animal Care and Control Services
  • 613 Caring Personal Services
  • 621 Leisure and Travel Services
  • 622 Hairdressers and Related Services
  • 623 Housekeeping and Related Services
  • 624 Cleaning and Housekeeping Managers and Supervisors
  • 625 Bed and Breakfast and Guest House Owners and Proprietors
  • 631 Community and Civil Enforcement Occupations
  • 711 Sales Assistants and Retail Cashiers
  • 712 Sales Related Occupations
  • 713 Shopkeepers and Sales Supervisors
  • 721 Customer Service Occupations
  • 722 Customer Service Supervisors
  • 811 Process Operatives
  • 812 Metal Working Machine Operatives
  • 813 Plant and Machine Operatives
  • 814 Assemblers and Routine Operatives
  • 815 Construction Operatives
  • 816 Production, Factory and Assembly Supervisors
  • 821 Road Transport Drivers
  • 822 Mobile Machine Drivers and Operatives
  • 823 Other Drivers and Transport Operatives
  • 911 Elementary Agricultural Occupations
  • 912 Elementary Construction Occupations
  • 913 Elementary Process Plant Occupations
  • 921 Elementary Administration Occupations
  • 922 Elementary Cleaning Occupations
  • 923 Elementary Security Occupations
  • 924 Elementary Sales Occupations
  • 925 Elementary Storage Occupations
  • 926 Other Elementary Services Occupations

Unit group (four digit)

  • 1111 Chief executives and senior officials
  • 1112 Elected officers and representatives
  • 1121 Production managers and directors in manufacturing
  • 1122 Production managers and directors in construction
  • 1123 Production managers and directors in mining and energy
  • 1131 Financial managers and directors
  • 1132 Marketing, sales and advertising directors
  • 1133 Public relations and communications directors
  • 1134 Purchasing managers and directors
  • 1135 Charitable organisation managers and directors
  • 1136 Human resource managers and directors
  • 1137 Information technology directors
  • 1139 Functional managers and directors n.e.c.
  • 1140 Directors in logistics, warehousing and transport
  • 1150 Managers and directors in retail and wholesale
  • 1161 Officers in armed forces
  • 1162 Senior police officers
  • 1163 Senior officers in fire, ambulance, prison and related services
  • 1171 Health services and public health managers and directors
  • 1172 Social services managers and directors
  • 1211 Managers and proprietors in agriculture and horticulture
  • 1212 Managers and proprietors in forestry, fishing and related services
  • 1221 Hotel and accommodation managers and proprietors
  • 1222 Restaurant and catering establishment managers and proprietors
  • 1223 Publicans and managers of licensed premises
  • 1224 Leisure and sports managers
  • 1225 Travel agency managers and proprietors
  • 1231 Health care practice managers
  • 1232 Residential, day and domiciliary care managers and proprietors
  • 1233 Early education and childcare services proprietors
  • 1241 Managers in transport and distribution
  • 1242 Managers in storage and warehousing
  • 1243 Managers in logistics
  • 1251 Property, housing and estate managers
  • 1252 Garage managers and proprietors
  • 1253 Hairdressing and beauty salon managers and proprietors
  • 1254 Waste disposal and environmental services managers
  • 1255 Managers and directors in the creative industries
  • 1256 Betting shop and gambling establishment managers
  • 1257 Hire services managers and proprietors
  • 1258 Directors in consultancy services
  • 1259 Managers and proprietors in other services n.e.c.
  • 2111 Chemical scientists
  • 2112 Biological scientists
  • 2113 Biochemists and biomedical scientists
  • 2114 Physical scientists
  • 2115 Social and humanities scientists
  • 2119 Natural and social science professionals n.e.c.
  • 2121 Civil engineers
  • 2122 Mechanical engineers
  • 2123 Electrical engineers
  • 2124 Electronics engineers
  • 2125 Production and process engineers
  • 2126 Aerospace engineers
  • 2127 Engineering project managers and project engineers
  • 2129 Engineering professionals n.e.c.
  • 2131 IT project managers
  • 2132 IT managers
  • 2133 IT business analysts, architects and systems designers
  • 2134 Programmers and software development professionals
  • 2135 Cyber security professionals
  • 2136 IT quality and testing professionals
  • 2137 IT network professionals
  • 2139 Information technology professionals n.e.c.
  • 2141 Web design professionals
  • 2142 Graphic and multimedia designers
  • 2151 Conservation professionals
  • 2152 Environment professionals
  • 2161 Research and development (R&D) managers
  • 2162 Other researchers, unspecified discipline
  • 2211 Generalist medical practitioners
  • 2212 Specialist medical practitioners
  • 2221 Physiotherapists
  • 2222 Occupational therapists
  • 2223 Speech and language therapists
  • 2224 Psychotherapists and cognitive behaviour therapists
  • 2225 Clinical psychologists
  • 2226 Other psychologists
  • 2229 Therapy professionals n.e.c.
  • 2231 Midwifery nurses
  • 2232 Community nurses
  • 2233 Specialist nurses
  • 2234 Nurse practitioners
  • 2235 Mental health nurses
  • 2236 Children's nurses
  • 2237 Other nursing professionals
  • 2240 Veterinarians
  • 2251 Pharmacists
  • 2252 Optometrists
  • 2253 Dental practitioners
  • 2254 Medical radiographers
  • 2255 Paramedics
  • 2256 Podiatrists
  • 2259 Other health professionals n.e.c.
  • 2311 Higher education teaching professionals
  • 2312 Further education teaching professionals
  • 2313 Secondary education teaching professionals
  • 2314 Primary education teaching professionals
  • 2315 Nursery education teaching professionals
  • 2316 Special needs education teaching professionals
  • 2317 Teachers of English as a foreign language
  • 2319 Teaching professionals n.e.c.
  • 2321 Head teachers and principals
  • 2322 Education managers
  • 2323 Education advisers and school inspectors
  • 2324 Early education and childcare services managers
  • 2329 Other educational professionals n.e.c
  • 2411 Barristers and judges
  • 2412 Solicitors and lawyers
  • 2419 Legal professionals n.e.c.
  • 2421 Chartered and certified accountants
  • 2422 Finance and investment analysts and advisers
  • 2423 Taxation experts
  • 2431 Management consultants and business analysts
  • 2432 Marketing and commercial managers
  • 2433 Actuaries, economists and statisticians
  • 2434 Business and related research professionals
  • 2435 Professional/Chartered company secretaries
  • 2439 Business, research and administrative professionals n.e.c.
  • 2440 Business and financial project management professionals
  • 2451 Architects
  • 2452 Chartered architectural technologists, planning officers and consultants
  • 2453 Quantity surveyors
  • 2454 Chartered surveyors
  • 2455 Construction project managers and related professionals
  • 2461 Social workers
  • 2462 Probation officers
  • 2463 Clergy
  • 2464 Youth work professionals
  • 2469 Welfare professionals n.e.c.
  • 2471 Librarians
  • 2472 Archivists and curators
  • 2481 Quality control and planning engineers
  • 2482 Quality assurance and regulatory professionals
  • 2483 Environmental health professionals
  • 2491 Newspaper and periodical editors
  • 2492 Newspaper and periodical journalists and reporters
  • 2493 Public relations professionals
  • 2494 Advertising accounts managers and creative directors
  • 3111 Laboratory technicians
  • 3112 Electrical and electronics technicians
  • 3113 Engineering technicians
  • 3114 Building and civil engineering technicians
  • 3115 Quality assurance technicians
  • 3116 Planning, process and production technicians
  • 3119 Science, engineering and production technicians n.e.c.
  • 3120 CAD, drawing and architectural technicians
  • 3131 IT operations technicians
  • 3132 IT user support technicians
  • 3133 Database administrators and web content technicians
  • 3211 Dispensing opticians
  • 3212 Pharmaceutical technicians
  • 3213 Medical and dental technicians
  • 3214 Complementary health associate professionals
  • 3219 Health associate professionals n.e.c.
  • 3221 Youth and community workers
  • 3222 Child and early years officers
  • 3223 Housing officers
  • 3224 Counsellors
  • 3229 Welfare and housing associate professionals n.e.c.
  • 3231 Higher level teaching assistants
  • 3232 Early education and childcare practitioners
  • 3240 Veterinary nurses
  • 3311 Non-commissioned officers and other ranks
  • 3312 Police officers (sergeant and below)
  • 3313 Fire service officers (watch manager and below)
  • 3314 Prison service officers (below principal officer)
  • 3319 Protective service associate professionals n.e.c.
  • 3411 Artists
  • 3412 Authors, writers and translators
  • 3413 Actors, entertainers and presenters
  • 3414 Dancers and choreographers
  • 3415 Musicians
  • 3416 Arts officers, producers and directors
  • 3417 Photographers, audio-visual and broadcasting equipment operators
  • 3421 Interior designers
  • 3422 Clothing, fashion and accessories designers
  • 3429 Design occupations n.e.c.
  • 3431 Sports players
  • 3432 Sports coaches, instructors and officials
  • 3433 Fitness and wellbeing instructors
  • 3511 Aircraft pilots and air traffic controllers
  • 3512 Ship and hovercraft officers
  • 3520 Legal associate professionals
  • 3531 Brokers
  • 3532 Insurance underwriters
  • 3533 Financial and accounting technicians
  • 3534 Financial accounts managers
  • 3541 Estimators, valuers and assessors
  • 3542 Importers and exporters
  • 3543 Project support officers
  • 3544 Data analysts
  • 3549 Business associate professionals n.e.c.
  • 3551 Buyers and procurement officers
  • 3552 Business sales executives
  • 3553 Merchandisers
  • 3554 Marketing associate professionals
  • 3555 Estate agents and auctioneers
  • 3556 Sales accounts and business development managers
  • 3557 Events managers and organisers
  • 3560 Public services associate professionals
  • 3571 Human resources and industrial relations officers
  • 3572 Careers advisers and vocational guidance specialists
  • 3573 Information technology trainers
  • 3574 Other vocational and industrial trainers
  • 3581 Inspectors of standards and regulations
  • 3582 Health and safety managers and officers
  • 4111 National government administrative occupations
  • 4112 Local government administrative occupations
  • 4113 Officers of non-governmental organisations
  • 4121 Credit controllers
  • 4122 Book-keepers, payroll managers and wages clerks
  • 4123 Bank and post office clerks
  • 4124 Finance officers
  • 4129 Financial administrative occupations n.e.c.
  • 4131 Records clerks and assistants
  • 4132 Pensions and insurance clerks and assistants
  • 4133 Stock control clerks and assistants
  • 4134 Transport and distribution clerks and assistants
  • 4135 Library clerks and assistants
  • 4136 Human resources administrative occupations
  • 4141 Office managers
  • 4142 Office supervisors
  • 4143 Customer service managers
  • 4151 Sales administrators
  • 4152 Data entry administrators
  • 4159 Other administrative occupations n.e.c.
  • 4211 Medical secretaries
  • 4212 Legal secretaries
  • 4213 School secretaries
  • 4214 Company secretaries and administrators
  • 4215 Personal assistants and other secretaries
  • 4216 Receptionists
  • 4217 Typists and related keyboard occupations
  • 5111 Farmers
  • 5112 Horticultural trades
  • 5113 Gardeners and landscape gardeners
  • 5114 Groundsmen and greenkeepers
  • 5119 Agricultural and fishing trades n.e.c.
  • 5211 Sheet metal workers
  • 5212 Metal plate workers, smiths, moulders and related occupations
  • 5213 Welding trades
  • 5214 Pipe fitters
  • 5221 Metal machining setters and setter-operators
  • 5222 Tool makers, tool fitters and markers-out
  • 5223 Metal working production and maintenance fitters
  • 5224 Precision instrument makers and repairers
  • 5225 Air-conditioning and refrigeration installers and repairers
  • 5231 Vehicle technicians, mechanics and electricians
  • 5232 Vehicle body builders and repairers
  • 5233 Vehicle paint technicians
  • 5234 Aircraft maintenance and related trades
  • 5235 Boat and ship builders and repairers
  • 5236 Rail and rolling stock builders and repairers
  • 5241 Electricians and electrical fitters
  • 5242 Telecoms and related network installers and repairers
  • 5243 TV, video and audio servicers and repairers
  • 5244 Computer system and equipment installers and servicers
  • 5245 Security system installers and repairers
  • 5246 Electrical service and maintenance mechanics and repairers
  • 5249 Electrical and electronic trades n.e.c.
  • 5250 Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades supervisors
  • 5311 Steel erectors
  • 5312 Stonemasons and related trades
  • 5313 Bricklayers
  • 5314 Roofers, roof tilers and slaters
  • 5315 Plumbers & heating and ventilating installers and repairers
  • 5316 Carpenters and joiners
  • 5317 Glaziers, window fabricators and fitters
  • 5319 Construction and building trades n.e.c.
  • 5321 Plasterers
  • 5322 Floorers and wall tilers
  • 5323 Painters and decorators
  • 5330 Construction and building trades supervisors
  • 5411 Upholsterers
  • 5412 Footwear and leather working trades
  • 5413 Tailors and dressmakers
  • 5419 Textiles, garments and related trades n.e.c.
  • 5421 Pre-press technicians
  • 5422 Printers
  • 5423 Print finishing and binding workers
  • 5431 Butchers
  • 5432 Bakers and flour confectioners
  • 5433 Fishmongers and poultry dressers
  • 5434 Chefs
  • 5435 Cooks
  • 5436 Catering and bar managers
  • 5441 Glass and ceramics makers, decorators and finishers
  • 5442 Furniture makers and other craft woodworkers
  • 5443 Florists
  • 5449 Other skilled trades n.e.c.
  • 6111 Early education and childcare assistants
  • 6112 Teaching assistants
  • 6113 Educational support assistants
  • 6114 Childminders
  • 6116 Nannies and au pairs
  • 6117 Playworkers
  • 6121 Pest control officers
  • 6129 Animal care services occupations n.e.c.
  • 6131 Nursing auxiliaries and assistants
  • 6132 Ambulance staff (excluding paramedics)
  • 6133 Dental nurses
  • 6134 Houseparents and residential wardens
  • 6135 Care workers and home carers
  • 6136 Senior care workers
  • 6137 Care escorts
  • 6138 Undertakers, mortuary and crematorium assistants
  • 6211 Sports and leisure assistants
  • 6212 Travel agents
  • 6213 Air travel assistants
  • 6214 Rail travel assistants
  • 6219 Leisure and travel service occupations n.e.c.
  • 6221 Hairdressers and barbers
  • 6222 Beauticians and related occupations
  • 6231 Housekeepers and related occupations
  • 6232 Caretakers
  • 6240 Cleaning and housekeeping managers and supervisors
  • 6250 Bed and breakfast and guest house owners and proprietors
  • 6311 Police community support officers
  • 6312 Parking and civil enforcement occupations
  • 7111 Sales and retail assistants
  • 7112 Retail cashiers and check-out operators
  • 7113 Telephone salespersons
  • 7114 Pharmacy and optical dispensing assistants
  • 7115 Vehicle and parts salespersons and advisers
  • 7121 Collector salespersons and credit agents
  • 7122 Debt, rent and other cash collectors
  • 7123 Roundspersons and van salespersons
  • 7124 Market and street traders and assistants
  • 7125 Visual merchandisers and related occupations
  • 7129 Sales related occupations n.e.c.
  • 7131 Shopkeepers and owners - retail and wholesale
  • 7132 Sales supervisors - retail and wholesale
  • 7211 Call and contact centre occupations
  • 7212 Telephonists
  • 7213 Communication operators
  • 7214 Market research interviewers
  • 7219 Customer service occupations n.e.c.
  • 7220 Customer service supervisors
  • 8111 Food, drink and tobacco process operatives
  • 8112 Textile process operatives
  • 8113 Chemical and related process operatives
  • 8114 Plastics process operatives
  • 8115 Metal making and treating process operatives
  • 8119 Process operatives n.e.c.
  • 8120 Metal working machine operatives
  • 8131 Paper and wood machine operatives
  • 8132 Mining and quarry workers and related operatives
  • 8133 Energy plant operatives
  • 8134 Water and sewerage plant operatives
  • 8135 Printing machine assistants
  • 8139 Plant and machine operatives n.e.c.
  • 8141 Assemblers (electrical and electronic products)
  • 8142 Assemblers (vehicles and metal goods)
  • 8143 Routine inspectors and testers
  • 8144 Weighers, graders and sorters
  • 8145 Tyre, exhaust and windscreen fitters
  • 8146 Sewing machinists
  • 8149 Assemblers and routine operatives n.e.c.
  • 8151 Scaffolders, stagers and riggers
  • 8152 Road construction operatives
  • 8153 Rail construction and maintenance operatives
  • 8159 Construction operatives n.e.c.
  • 8160 Production, factory and assembly supervisors
  • 8211 Large goods vehicle drivers
  • 8212 Bus and coach drivers
  • 8213 Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs
  • 8214 Delivery drivers and couriers
  • 8215 Driving instructors
  • 8219 Road transport drivers n.e.c.
  • 8221 Crane drivers
  • 8222 Fork-lift truck drivers
  • 8229 Mobile machine drivers and operatives n.e.c.
  • 8231 Train and tram drivers
  • 8232 Marine and waterways transport operatives
  • 8233 Air transport operatives
  • 8234 Rail transport operatives
  • 8239 Other drivers and transport operatives n.e.c.
  • 9111 Farm workers
  • 9112 Forestry and related workers
  • 9119 Fishing and other elementary agriculture occupations n.e.c.
  • 9121 Groundworkers
  • 9129 Elementary construction occupations n.e.c.
  • 9131 Industrial cleaning process occupations
  • 9132 Packers, bottlers, canners and fillers
  • 9139 Elementary process plant occupations n.e.c.
  • 9211 Postal workers, mail sorters and messengers
  • 9219 Elementary administration occupations n.e.c.
  • 9221 Window cleaners
  • 9222 Street cleaners
  • 9223 Cleaners and domestics
  • 9224 Launderers, dry cleaners and pressers
  • 9225 Refuse and salvage occupations
  • 9226 Vehicle valeters and cleaners
  • 9229 Elementary cleaning occupations n.e.c.
  • 9231 Security guards and related occupations
  • 9232 School midday and crossing patrol occupations
  • 9233 Exam invigilators
  • 9241 Shelf fillers
  • 9249 Elementary sales occupations n.e.c.
  • 9251 Elementary storage supervisors
  • 9252 Warehouse operatives
  • 9253 Delivery operatives
  • 9259 Elementary storage occupations n.e.c.
  • 9261 Bar and catering supervisors
  • 9262 Hospital porters
  • 9263 Kitchen and catering assistants
  • 9264 Waiters and waitresses
  • 9265 Bar staff
  • 9266 Coffee shop workers
  • 9267 Leisure and theme park attendants
  • 9269 Other elementary services occupations n.e.c.